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People who have never studied Indian languages may suppose that the Indians are at the bottom of the scale in their ability to express a wide range of thoughts like the English language, because of the so-called "savage" nature of the American Indian. Since the very first contact between Europeans and Indians, certain elements of the European population always deemed themselves superior to the Indian.

History books are filled with their statements classifying American Indians as "savages" not worthy of the same status and human rights as the rest of humanity. The conquerors used this lower status as an excuse to give them the moral right to run rampant over the Indian in taking away their land.

There is still an attempt to belittle the intelligence of the American Indian concerning their language, picture writing, and sign language. However, there are those scholars who have made in-depth studies and come up with findings that present a clear picture of the intelligence of the American Indian. Scholars at the Smithsonian have written: "Suffice it to note that the American Indian languages, as finished systems, can express fully as wide a range of thought as can the languages of Europe" (Kopper 1986, p. 62).

If you were to make a word count of words presently in use in the English language, as compared to those in an Indian language, English would far exceed Indian in word count, but not in the ability of expression. The reason for this higher word count in English is that English has borrowed a very large amount of words from numerous other languages, including American Indian languages, but more particularly from the Latin and Greek. Deduct all these borrowed words from English, and then watch the word count diminish. It is the quality of expression of any language that really counts, not quantity.

In this work, Martineau devised the Southern Paiute Dictionary to make it easier for those without a college degree to read and write Paiute. This dictionary is designed especially for Indians, in avoiding the use of special characters that aren't found on a typewriter so that this language could be typed on a typewriter. Therefore, it confines the expression of the Paiute alphabet to the 26 letters of the English alphabet.

The dictionary is in alphabetical order, according to the English translation of the words, to make it easier for the reader to find the words they are looking for. This work matches the English word closest to the Paiute equivalent to make it easier to look up. This might not always be entirely grammatically correct but is more as an Indian would interpret the word into English. It would be much simpler to compile this dictionary using the Indian word first, in alphabetical order, but this would make it extremely difficult for anyone who doesn't understand Paiute to find anything.

In most Indian languages many words are seldom used alone but rather combined with other words, such as mooun' (my father). You never hear an Indian say moo' for father; it sounds foreign. The structure of Indian languages and their use of verb phrases with hundreds of prefixes and suffixes, means that there are very few fixed and rigid separate words in the language. To write the full conjugation of one Paiute word would be very time consuming. The language is copious, flexible and expressive. Because of this it is sometimes difficult to break up Indian sentences into their various word elements as some of them never stand alone. Some words are broken up with a space in many of the more apparent examples. However, it is not always consistent in breaking up the same word as it tends to make the reader want to read it in a choppy manner with a slight break between syllables. The reader shouldn't do this. The syllables and short word elements all should be spoken together in a smooth flow. The attempt here is to keep the sentences decently short, and break them up where it might be the most beneficial to the reader who has no access to actually hearing Paiute spoken. Whenever there is a short vowel at the end of a word, then the two adjoining words should definitely be smoothed together as one. If there is a long vowel at the end of a word then there is a slight break.


The reader will often find several variations in the way a word is said. Sometimes these variations occur due to language structure and other times they are normal variations as those found in English. When variations are included, they are not guesses as to how they are pronounced. One must remember that present-day Paiute is a conglomerate of several minor dialects, which also accounts for some of the variations.


This work could attempt to pattern its dictionary after Sapir's 1930 book Southern Paiute, A Shoshonean Language, with a complete break-down of the words with all their aspirations and numerous special characters. Then, as with his book, you would have to speak Latin, German, Gaelic, and French to know the key to the sounds. He also breaks up the words into so many small pieces that it becomes difficult for the non-linguist to grasp. The Paiute language is constructed this way, but it is believed here that it is easier to grasp such examples in sentence form. His book is good in this respect, but is limited in usefulness to a few of the best linguists. This dictionary is written for the Indian and the average student. Those who want Sapir's type of work may refer to his book. Although it analyzes the language from a linguist's viewpoint it has its faults, wrong translations, omitted initial sounds, and other mistakes since he didn't speak the language. However, it is a very good work despite these shortcomings, and far exceeds the one here by Martineau in understanding linguistic principles. Sapir based his work on legends and therefore omits many of the common everyday words. The design here is to fill in much of that gap.

This dictionary isn't complete nor are all the tenses of each word given. It comes from Martineau's personal notes first started by him in the 1940's. He spoke Paiute fluently and wrote these notes to keep a record for himself, making them consistent so that others could understand them.

Many of the words in this dictionary come from much older Paiutes born in the last century and forgotten by the present generation, most of whom only speak a pidgin Paiute. One of the purposes of this dictionary is to preserve many of those words never before published and even forgotten by the present generation. Today no one younger than fifty speaks the language; of those that still do, many of them speak in a pidgin fashion. Those who do speak it very fluently find very few to converse with. Therefore they've forgotten many of the old words that there is no occasion to use today. Special thanks is given to the following individuals who were among the most fluent speakers at the time these notes were taken and for their help in going over portions of this dictionary: Smith Bushhead, Warren Bushhead, Eunice Tillahash and Marilyn Jake (Shivwits), Vera Charles (Koosharem), and Earl Pikyavit (Kanosh).

The accents of yesterday have pretty well blended into one due to intermarriage between bands and the constant intermingling. Remnants of band accents and words peculiar to certain bands (which are noted when they occur) still exist, but the difference in accents is very minimal today. It is noticed that Kanosh and Koosharem seem to use the sound "ts" often in place of "eh" so common at Kaibab, Cedar City, and southward. To say this is the rule would be wrong as the Shivwits and other bands often use both sounds, as does Kanosh and Koosharem.

The "eh" sound is more common at Kaibab, Cedar City and Indian Peaks, and southward. The different variants of many of the words are given here, but due to the extent of intermarriage and intermingling there is no attempt to distinguish band origins of some of these words as it would only be guessing. When there is assigned band differences then they were observed or they were told specifically by other Paiutes. In some cases these variants are pidgin Paiute incorrectly pronounced by the younger bilingual generation where English took precedence.

Martineau started learning Paiute from members of the Cedar City, Indian Peaks, and Shivwits bands living at Cedar City in the 1940s and early 1950s. When he married Doris Kanosh of the Koosharem band he learned a lot more from her. She spoke the Koosharem dialect with a very noticeable "ts" accent since she was raised by her grandmother Florence Timmican Kanosh from the Koosharem band. However, Doris's mother was of the Indian Peak Band so some blending of accents had occurred. Many of the sentences with the "ts" sound in the section on Paiute sentences were given by Doris.

The Koosharem accent is more akin to Northern Ute than to Shivwits although they have no trouble in understanding each other. The Koosharem accent lacks the occasional "r" and "f' found among the Ute. The Willow Springs, Arizona, accent is closer to Paiute than Ute.

Sentence examples are given here in many places to help those who want to study the language more thoroughly.

Words that are peculiar to one band are noted with the band name following the word. When a Moapa word or accent is given then in most cases it also applies to Las Vegas and Chemehuevi. When Chemehuevi is given then in most cases the word also applies to Moapa and Las Vegas.

With all the intermarriage it is sometimes hard to tell which words are peculiar to certain bands since they are often borrowed by others as the old Paiute diminishes in the wake of Pidgin Paiute. In many cases where a word is peculiar to one band, they know and use the more common words for the same thing as used by other bands. When it is listed two ways of saying one word and one of the words is assigned to one band then it should be assumed that the other word is common to all the bands. However, there could be some exceptions to this.





1. Nawvuk'ung (to be killed in a car wreck, shooting, fall, etc.)

He killed himself: Nawvuk'ai, nawvuk'aing

2. Wrecked: poong'kwunt

ACHE (see pain)

ACROSS (see over and other side)

ACT (see do)

ACTING SMART: naw'hawvus

ADD (see put with)

ADOBE: tawvus'oop weuv (dry mud)


1. yaw'vawghai

I'm afraid: yaw'vawghaiun

2. Suhdee'u

I'm afraid: sudee'unchun

You scared me: suhdee'u tuhchunee

AFTER WHILE: see later

AFTER, BEHIND, IN BACK OF: Awvee'nungk, awvee'nawp

After New Year's, New Year's: awvee'nawpawchuhk

The one that always sits behind the post office: post office awvee'nungkwup kawduh'meent

AGAIN, REPEAT: -wuhsuh'

Do it again: ooneng'wuhsoouk, ooneng'oos (a shortened baby talk way of saying the same thing).

AGAVE Agave utahensis eyunt', nunt (shortened from eyunt')

Agave canyon: nuntaw' ooweep

AGE (see winter)

AHEAD, IN FRONT: (see leading) wawmee'tuh

Don't get ahead of us: kawtch nuhm'ee wawmee'tuh whawvungwai

Don't get ahead of me: kawtch nuh wawmee'tuh whawvungwai

AID (see assist)

AIM (to): waw'vuhnee

Aiming: waw'vuhnekai

AIR, BREATH: soowup'

ALDER (THINLEAF): pawwhay'uv

ALIGHT (see hit)

ALIKE, SAME KIND: toahoy' nudoo-ai

Same amount: toahoy'nawvai

Same kind: toahoy' nawdoo'ud

ALIVE (see living)

ALKALI: mawsump

ALL BROKEN UP: poaduh'duhkwaip

ALL THE TIME (see always)

ALL: munok', muno'nee, muno'kos

Everything, everybody: puaw' munok

ALLUVIAL FAN (see base of mountain)


I almost fell: soowaw' kwepu'chun


ALONG: -pa-hai

Eating along: tuhkaw' pa-hai


1. Ono'

I Just arrived: ono pee'chukunt

2. I'm already dancing: oowee'tus (from wee’tuhmp old)

ALSO, TOO: -khai'nee

Me too: nuh' khainee

You too: emee' khainee


It always does like that: muneng'oomeent

Always does like me: nuh'pu ooneng'oomeent

It always stops: tuhdus'ukoa meent


1. Yuh'sump

They keep asking: tuh'sump tooveeng'woont

Keeps telling it: tuhsump tuhneunk'oomeent

2. Nanduh'vee


1. Let that which I said go through: oo'puk oodoo'awvaw umpaw'haw nunuhd

2. Let it come true: tooveets'eek oodoo'awvaw

3. Let it turn the way I said: oo'puk tuhkai'vaw ai'nun uhd

AMERICAN, WHITE MAN (Eng. American):

1. Mawdeeng'kun, mawduh’kawts

2. Haiko (Moapa and Las Vegas; of Mojave derivation)

AMONG THEM: awmuh'ukavvv (see some)

Among the rocks: tuhmpee' awhawv


1. -ee'tuhnee, -ee'tuhmuhnee.

2. This amount: e'vaiunee (from ee'vai here)

3. That amount: oo'vaiunee (from oo 'vai there)

Numbers 2 and 3 are normally used with pointing gestures as one would say in English, "Fill it to here."

AMPHITHEATER: (cliffs in a broad semi-circular shape): awvoo'uv

ANCESTORS: ee'nuhng (lit, long ago Indians)

ANCIENT (see old)

AND, WITH: (see with) -engwu

John and the Navajos: John ung pu-hawng'weets engwu

with The Navajos: pu-hawng'weets engwu

ANGLE (see uneven)

ANGRY, MAD, TO SCOLD: nungai'ai

He's/she's angry: nungai'ai ung

He's/she's scolding me: nungu'mai ungun

Angry at me: nuhnai nungu'mu

ANIMAL: puawv'


1. tawweench'

Your ankle: tawngwen 'chohom

2. Your ankle: kaw'uhoym

3. Your ankle: tawsuhmp'echum hoatomp'awchun (is the back bone at ankle level)

ANOTHER (see different)

ANTELOPE: wunts, wuntsee'puhts

ANTLION LARVAE, DOODLEBUG: myrmeleontidae kuhuh'toanoyntch

ANTS (collectively): tawsee'uv

ANY: paw-

Any amount: paw no'pai

Any time: paw nok'

ANYPLACE, ANYWHERE: paw hu'vawntuh

I'll see you anyplace: paw'huvuh nawvuh'nekaivum

ANYTHING: paw haw'duh

ANYTIME, SOMETIMES: naaw'kawnos, naaw'tuhmpu

APACHE PLUME Fallugia paradoxa: meah'puh oonup'

APPEAR, EMERGE INTO VIEW: mungwee'see (For any celestial body to emerge from beneath the horizon, for an animal to emerge from its den, or for someone to come into view over the horizon or from around a bend)

Sunrise: tahvai mungwee'see

He's appearing: mungwee'suchung

APPLES (Eng. apple): aw'pawdoos

APRON: pekwun

APRIL: tawmu'muhunts (lit, spring moon). Spring begins in March in the St George and Las Vegas areas so the spring moon could vary according to the area.

ARAPAHOE: Sawdeets'ekuts (lit. Dog Eaters)

ARBOR, SHADE HOUSE: awvaw' kawnee

ARGUE (to) QUARREL: nunu'ai, nawvu'chungwai

Nawvu'tsuwee (Kanosh)

Arguing nawnaw'ung wuhchung

ARIZONA (Eng. Arizona): awdu'so

ARM (from shoulder to wrist)

1. Puhd-, puhdu-'

Your arm: puhdum'

2. Upper arm: unguv

ARMADILLO: punu'tuhmpee nahdo (lit. iron rock clothes)


1. Kuhtsuhk', kuhchuh'eets

2. Awsoam (lit. salty)

ARMPIT ODOR: kunchuh'eets pono'ai

AROUND (to go around something): aaw'ketuhk

ARRIVE: pechuh', peech'

Arrived: peech'ukunt

Arrived (past tense): pechuh'puhkunt

When did you arrive?: Eem hunok'u peech?

He/she never arrived yet: kawchung' pechuhng'wais

When are you arriving?: Hunok pechuh' vawntus?

When does he arrive?: hunok' oa pechuh'mee?

ARROGANT: peunk'

ARROW WRENCH: kuh'eyok

ARROW: hookwee'oo, oo'


ASH TREE Fraxinus: wawmpeep'

ASHES: kootsup' (Kanosh)

Koochup' (Shivwits)

ASK: tooveeng'ee

Ask him: tooveng'eyung

Ask for it: tooveech'oouk

Ask me: tooveeng'een

ASSEMBLE (animals): kwuhchoomp'

They assembled: kwuhchoomp'ekainum

ASSEMBLE, MEETING, POW WOW, GATHERING (for people to assemble for a meeting or some event).

1. Soo'pawdoy, soo'pawdoai

They will have a gathering: soo'pao vawnahdoong

When are they going to meet?: huhok'u soopadoovawnee?

2. Na-hawd'uhee

ASSIST, HELP, AID: mawduh'ai

Help him/her: mawduh'ai ung, mawduh'aing, mawduh'aing wung


1. A group going towards to do: mamoon'wuntoowun ooneen

2. Coming to do: unekunguduhm

AUGUST (lit, fall moon): yoovun'umuts


1. Paaw-'

His or her aunt: paawng'

Your aunt: pawawm'

Niece (reciprocal): paawts'

My aunt: paawn'

Aunts: pauv'eng

2. Nuhmpee'uts

AUTOMOBILE (Eng. automobile)

1. Awdum'peid

2. Aiyum'ooveep (Moapa)

AUTUMN, FALL: yoovun'

It's getting fall: yoovun'uteuk

AWAKEN (see wake up)

AWFUL (see ugly)

AWL: weeoovb


1. Kwepu'nump (lit, hitting thing).

2. Tavee'nump (lit, hitting thing) These words can mean anything used to hit with, even a stick.



1. To go under the water: pah'enaw yowk'w

2. Washed: paduh'kekunt

3. Baptize him: pah dook'wetook'wung (lit, put him under the water)


1. New born: kengaw'peets

2. A little bigger than a new born: pee'sots, pe'shoats

3. Pe'veets. (Eng. baby):


1. O'-awv'

Your back: o'-awm'

2. Humped portion of back: saiyu-

BACKBONE: O'-oh'um

BACKWARD: pe'meetook

BAD, NO GOOD: uhvuh', uhvuh'nee

Whiskey: uhvuh'upaw (lit, bad water)

You're no good: eem vuh'upuhwuhnee

BADGER: oonum-puhts, oon

Badgers: oonum'puhtsengw

BAG (see sack)


1. Tuhnuh'kunt

2. Tuh'du hawd

BALD EAGLE: pawngwu'

BALL: paw'ko-oonump (Koosharem)

BANK: punu' kawdee kawn (lit, money house)

BANNOCK: punaik’kee

BARELY ABLE, CAN'T HARDLY: muhsuh', mootsoo'

Barely able to do it: oonee' muhsoo'ee

Can't hardly nurse it: pechuh' muhsoo'ee ook

Can't hardly carry it: yungwee' muhsoo'ee

BARK (from a juniper tree): moawhup'

BARK (of a tree): awsee'uk (from awsee' skin)

BARKING (of a dog): o'-oh'hoy, ko-oh'gwai

Don't bark: ko'-oh'gwaiup


Flat desert: tuh'du yooawv

BASE OF CLIFF: kawnuh'guts


1. Pengwuv

At the foot of the mountain: pewaw'

Further down (on the alluvial fan): pewuv'

2. tuhung'w

At the base of a mountain: tuhung'wu vaiuk

3. Foot of the hills: kawnuh'guts

BASHFUL: tookwee'ai

BASKET (bowl shaped cooking basket): yuh-up'

BASKET CAP: suh'uh' kaichuhots (lit. squawbush hat)

BAT: pawchuts'

1. Pawtsuts' (Kanosh)

2. Pawchuv'ookaip (bat who once was)

BATHE: (see wash)

BE (to): -e’kai

Will be: -ekai'vu

When its getting to be sundown: tahvai' yowk ekhaik

BE QUIET: ai'nekai

BEADS: tchoy, tsoy

BEANS: muhdee', modee', muhdee'vees

(not used at Koosharem)

BEAR: kweuts' kweyu'hunt

BEAR DANCE: maw'kon 

BEARD (see whiskers)

BEATING (to beat a drum): kwepum'weai

BEAVER: paoons'

BECAUSE: oonee'ku

BECOME, TO TURN INTO, CAUSE TO HAPPEN, TO TAKE PLACE (to): -tuhkai' -tuhkaw'oong, tuhkungw, tuhkaik

Became: -tuhkung'wepuhku

It turned out no good: uhvuh' tuhkung'uhpuhku

He's becoming crazy: unoo'pee tuhkaw'oong

BED: awvee'tu, awvee'nump (lit, lying thing)

BEE: whawtsuv', wee’chuv

BEER (Eng. beer): be'uh

BEFORE (see first)

BEHIND (see after and kite)

BELIEVE, OBEY, FAITH, TRUST: tooveets'ekai

Believe him, have faith in him, trust him: tooveets'ekaiung

I believe it: tooveets'e kaiuhkwun nuh

Don't believe him: tooveets'e kawngwaim

Believe him: tooveets' ekaioom

Believe in Jesus: tooveets'ekung Jesus ee

Believe in Him: tooveets'ekawd oong

BELLY BUTTON: sekoo', sekoots'

Your belly button: segoom'

BELLY, STOMACH: sawkoy'u

Your belly: sawkway'awm

BELONGING TO: (suff.) -udun'

BELOW, UNDER: udoo'kwut

To go under the water: pah udook'we toovai

BELT: naw' whechup (lit. self-wrap)

BEND OVER. to bend over while on your knees: poong'kwai toovu (from poo'kwai, to stoop)

BENT: soayaw'-

Bent: soayaw'kai

Its bent: soayaw'e chuk, soayaw'etsuk

BERRIES (from serviceberry bush): toowump'eev

BESIDE: -u'vai

Beside him/her: mung u'vaiook

BET (see wager)

BETWEEN, MIDDLE, CENTER, CLEFT: nuduh'yu, naduh'euk

BEWARE (see watch out)

BIG DIPPER: tosaw'kawm (lit, white jackrabbit)

BIG SAGE: kawhup'

BIG TOE: taw'to


1. Peow'

Big person: peow' vuhwuhnee

Big ones (plural): pevee 'owvuhnee

2. Big: awvawt

BIGGEST: awvaw'tuhmus, awvaw 'tuhm

BILLY GOAT: savaw'toots

BIRDS (collectively): wetseech', wecheech'

BIRTH (see parturition)

BITE (to): kuhuh'ee

Bite into it: kuhee'vu

BITTER (in a distasteful sense): mou’kawmunt, mou'kawmai 


1.Too', too 'kwawd

Black one: too'kwawdum

Black: toopaw'hawdum (Chemehuevi)

2. A dirty greasy black: yoovees'u hawd

BLACK BEAR: tookwawdum kweyu'hunt, too' kweyu'hunt

BLACK SAGE: Artemisia nova ungkaw'po sawngwuv

BLACK WIDOW SPIDER: too hoo'kwump (lit, black spider)

BLACKBIRD, RED-WINGED, Agelaius phoeniceus: pawhaw'chukup, pawhawn'tsukup (Koosharem)


1. Pukwee'

2. Se'-ee' koonuv (lit, urine sack)


1. Muhdoo'ee

2. Moahoy'

BLAZINGSTAR, Mentzelia albicaulis: koo-oo'

BLESS (see fan with feathers)

BLIND: pooee'ait (lit, no eyes)

BLOATED (see round)

BLOOD (that has jelled or thickened): kuhchawng

BLOOD VEIN: pao'tawngweem

BLOOD: paop'ee, pauhp'

BLOODSUCKER: suhum'ohots

BLOOMING: suh'uh'enawk, suheech'


1. Saeent', suheenk'uhee, suhng'uhee

Yellow blossom: o-aw'saeent

2. Nanaw'kawdout

BLOW, PANT (to): pookwee'

To tell someone to blow: pookweeng'oa

BLUE, GREEN: sawkhwaw'kai, sawkhwaw' (many Indian tribes have the same name for blue and green).

Green/blue one: sawkhwaw' hawd

BLUEBIRD, Sialia: nawnchoots'


BOAT: awvee'sok (lit, lies flat on the water)

BOBCAT: tookoo'puhts, took'

BODY: nengwoo'uv

Your body: nengwoom'


Just starting to boil: noanoa'yok

Going to boil: sa'ai'

Boiling: koanoa'oycoy

Boiled: sa'awp'


To bolt as a horse does in fright or in a race: pontsee'nai

It's bolting, it's taking off: pontsee'nawm

BONE: o'-ohv'

BORN (see parturition)

BORROW (see copy)

BOTH (see together)

BOTHERING, TEASING: ma-whus'senkuhee

BOTTOM: tuhnawv'

It's bottom: tuhnawk'

BOUNCING: yuhntsuh'khai. (To bounce up and down and back and forth in a stationary position).

Bouncing along: yuhntsuh'kawhai (an example is bouncing up and down on horseback while riding along).

BOW STRING: pakaw'way

BOW: awtch, awts

Your bow: awchuhm' 


1. basketry bowl used for food: koats (Smaller ones had another name).

Your bowl: koatseem'

2. Ohots'

BOXELDER, Acer negundo: pawhoy'uv, pawkhoy'uv

BOY SCOUT: soeets' echuh'kwunt

BOY: ai'puts

Boys (plural): ai'putseng

BRAID (see weave): sekwaw'ai, segwu'ai

BRAINS: chuhpeek', chuhpeek'eev

BRANCH, LIMB: papaw-duhngkai


One who is great supee'ait uhm

BREAD (Span. pan): pawn'udoop, pawn'u, pahna

Bread maker: pawn'udoots


1. To break a stick in two or to break off a limb: moahup'enuk

Broken in two: kopok'w

Broken: pupawng',

2. To break one piece at a time: spoad'oawuk, tsispoad'ouk

3. To break into many pieces or to rip or break apart as something is forced through: tapuhk', tapuhts', tapuhts'een

I broke it open: tapuhk'eenupun

It ripped: tapuhk'enuk

BREATH: soowup'

Breathing: sowaw 'kai

BREECH CLOTH: kwusee'ugup

BRIDGE: paw avawk'enump (lit, water crossing thing)

BRIDLE: tuhmpai'ukhup

BRIGHAM TEA: Ephedra ootoop'

BRIGHT: tavai'oonee

BRING IT, GET IT: yah'vai oongwuk (compare take it back) went and got it yah'vai engwuhts

BROAD CHESTED, THICK (a person or animal): hoacoan'tuh muhnee (lit. thick one)

BROOMRAPE, Orobanche fasciculata: too-oo'


1. Elder brother: pavee', paveets'

2. Younger brother: chukaits'


1. Nawntaw' mooun, yutaw' mooum

2. Tawn tungwuv'

BROTHERS: nawvuv'ets eengw, nawvuv'ewu

BROWN BEAR :undo' kweuts (lit. brown bear)

BROWN: undok'kwawd, undok'

Brown one: undo'kwawdum

BRUISE (see purple)


My things: mu'uv' uhn

BUCK DEER: tuheu'goom, tuheuh'koom

BUCKBOARD: ooweem'buhk

BUCKET: pampuhn'

BUCKING: a bucking horse ponpoh'tsenai

(plural of pontsee’nai to take off running)

It's bucking: ponpoh'tsenung

BUCKSKIN, (tanned deer hide): tuh'euv

BUD SAGE: Artemisia spinescens

1. Koochup'o sawngwuv (lit, ash sage) 

2. Mawkaw'chuh sawngwuv'vuhts (lit, horned toad sage)


1. Moahoy' kooch (lit. blanket cow) Kaibab

2. Tuh'du kooch (lit, desert cow) Kanosh


BUFFALO GOURD, Cucurbita onook'weemp

BUFFALOBERRY BUSH, Shepherdia argentea: opeev'

BUG (see insect)

BUILD (see make)

BULL SNAKE, GOPHER SNAKE, BLOW SNAKE, Pituophis melanoleucus: koahom'puhts

BULLETS: wai'u

BUNCH GRASS, Muhlenbergia: noou'veev


1. Oatom'puhnawkunt

2. Whechoo'kookunt (from whechai'uh to tie)

BURDEN BASKET (large, cone-shaped): aws, aoos'

BURDOCK, Arctium: avaw'tuh kaw'menuv (lit, big kaw 'menuv)

BURN, FIRE: na'ai'

Burnt: na'aip'

Make a fire: na'ai'tee (lit, make it burn)


1. Kwepoo'doonk

2. Wa-haw'dok nawaid

BURST: patawk'

BURY (to): tookoo'ee, koo'ee

Going to bury: tookoo'oongpawnt

Buried: kookwunt

BUTCHERING (cutting up meat): skuh'dai


1. aw'sevuhts

2. Awsee'voadonts (Kanosh)

3. Ya seevuts

 BUTTOCKS: kwetoomp' kwetoo'

BUY, BARTER, PAY: nandong'w

Buy it: nando'uk

Bought: nawdoo'ai

BUZZARD, TURKEY VULTURE, Cathartes aura: wekoomp'uhts, week'w

BUZZING: toongwu'vuhawn uk (lit. making noise-it)

BY THIS TIME: ee'vaiuk, ee'vaiook



CALF OF LEG: (used to denote the calf of the leg and also the tibia bone) whetchu

My calf: whechun'

Your calf: whechu'um

CALL, INVITE: pawvai'

To call him/her: pawvai'teung

Call the doctor: poowu'hunt oong pawvai'

CAMP: kawnee'kai, kawnee'vu


CANAIGRE, DOCK, WILD RHUBARB, Rumex hymenosepalus: kwevuv'

CANARY: (caged) o-aw' we'tseech' (lit. yellow bird)

CANE (for walking): poado'

Your cane: podom'

Canes (plural): poadots'

CANNOT: kawchoo-`

I can't do it: kawchoo'kwun

CANVAS: sechaw'hawv


1. A dry canyon or wash: weep, ooweep

2. A canyon between two mountains: wee'wuk

3. A canyon with water: ooweng'w

4. Crack: sekuv'

CARBORUNDUM: koongwu'denump, koowaw'denump (lit. edger)

CARDS: paw'soonump


1. No'-, noy'

To carry in the mouth (as a cat carries its young): kuh'noy

Carrying along in the mouth: kuh' no'meai

Load it up: nou'tengwuk

2. Yungwee'

Carrying along: yungwee'mee

Carrying separately: nawai' yungwee' uk

Many carrying: yuyung'weukum


1. Kedeets' (Eng. kitty)

2. Moos'uts

CATCH UP: wachuh'kee, watsuhng' going to catch up wachuhng'paw

Have to catch up: watsuhng'oompawk

Caught up with me: wachuhng' wechuk'un

I'm going to catch up with you (plural): wachuhm' pawmum

I'm going to catch up with you (beat you): wachuhm' pawngwun

CATCH (see hold and seize) to catch something that has been thrown: mawnchawk',

mawntsunk' (from muntsaw' upraised hands)

One who catches something thrown: mawntsunk'aiung

CATCLAW ACACIA: Acacia greggii sechuh'uhdump

CATTAIL, Typha domingensis: toa'oyv'

CAUSE (see happen)

CAVE: tuhng kawn' (lit, rock house)


CEDAR CITY :Suh'du (Eng. Cedar)

CEDAR TREE: (see juniper)

CENTER (see good and between)


1. Tuhmpee' tohouv (lit, rock snake)

2. Suhng'ump (Shivwits & Koosharem)

CHAIR: kawduh'nump

CHANGE COLORS (as tree leaves turning yellow): takov'eeng

CHANGE IT, FLIP IT, TURN IT: munuh'ee kwunk uk

CHAPPED SKIN: chewung'w

tsewung'w (Kanosh)

CHAPS: peku'koosuts (lit, leather pants)


Running a horse at full speed: tawngwus

Making a horse go full speed: tawngwus'u teung

CHASE (to), PURSUE, FOLLOW: mawduhn'ai

Chasing him/her: mawno’koung

Chaser: mawduh'nuts

CHEEK: sovuv'

Your cheek: sovuv'um 

CHIEF, BOSS: neahv'

War Chief: Nawhoo'kwee Neahv

CHEMEHUEVI: Tawntuh'vaits, Chemehuevis (plural) Tawntuh'vaits eng

CHERT, FLINT: poantsee'tuhmp (Lit. smooth rock) poantsee'

CHEST: yoonguv

Your chest: yoonguv'oom

CHEW: koatsok'

Chewing: kuhtsok'o-ai, kuhcho'okwai

CHICKADEE: wetsee'geets

CHICKEN (Eng. chicken): tsee'kununts, tsee'kenunts

CHILDREN: pee'suhcheng, pee'soats eng

His/her children: pee'soa ung

CHIN: kawnok'

My chin: kawnok'on

CHIPMUNK: The following animals were not fully identified. The first three could be chipmunks or ground squirrels.

1. Tawvawts' (with two stripes)

2. Onchop'

3. Oyoy'chuts (two stripes)

CHIPPED: se'-ee'chai, seu'keku

A chip: seuk'

CHISELER (a rodent):

1. Kuhmp'pawts (Kanosh)

2. Spees, sepees'

3. Chuhpeesh'(Koosharem)


1. Pegweech', pechung'

He's choking: pechung'engchung

I'm choking :pehoo'eun, pechung'aiun

Repeatedly choking: pepee’kwengkwunt

2. Pekhoy'eyung (Kaibab)

CHOKECHERRY, Prunis virginiana: toanup'


To take the one you like out of several: awmun'tuh kuh owsuhn'teneeum

CHOP, CUT (from kuh'du to cut):

Go chop it: kuh'du whaiuk

CHUCKWALLA, Sauomalus obesus: chukwawd'


Give me a cigarette: kwou' muhawng' wuhn

CIRCLE (see cove)

CIRCLE DANCE: kwenok' oowee’kai

CLAPPING HANDS: mawvee'chuhkee (from mawvee'chuhkeengk smash)

Clapping hands while sitting: mawvee'chuhkee kawdee

CLAW (see fingernail)

CLEFT (see between)

CLEVER (see smart)

CLIFF: tuhmpee' paiu'dook (lit. rock wall)


CLIFFROSE, Cowania stansburiana: peow' oonup

CLIMAX (see orgasm)


To climb a tree, mountain or anything: awdoo'kwununkw

Climbing the mountain: kaiv'u awdoo'kwununkw

Climb it!: awdoo'kwunung oa!

I'm going to climb it: nuh awdoo'kwunu pawnee

CLING (see stuck) 

CLOSE, NEAR: chu-haip'

CLOSED (see shut)

CLOSED EYES: oochoom'eku

Going along with closed eyes (plural): oonchoom' ekaimee'

All close your eyes: muno'neuk oochoom'eku


1. Sawdup'eev

2. Pawn'uhsuhv

CLOTHES, DRESS, SHIRT (see things):

1. Tow-uh-

2. -Nahdo

CLOUD: pawkuhn'uv (lit, water sack)

CLOVER, Trifolium: koosawd'

COAL. A burning coal: kookhweev', okhweev'u

COAL MINE kweuh'dutu

COCKLEBUR, Anthium strumarium: kaw'menuv

COCOPAH: Wekuh-upaw (Chemehuevi)


1. Too'pawts, too'pah (lit, black water)

2. Kapee' (Eng. coffee)

COIL, WRAP: wuhkween'tuh

COLD (sickness): wavai' yuai (lit. cold-die)

COLD (weather)

1. Seyai'

I'm cold: seyai'un

It was cold: seyai'puhkunt

2. Stoo'ee (referring to the atmosphere)

It's cold: stoo'eook, stoo'euk

3. Spuhd'ai

It's cold: spuhd'aiuk

I'm cold: spai'ai un, nuh spai'yai, nuh spuhdd'ai

That object is cold: mudd spuhddai

4. Uhvuh'vuh.

COLLARED LIZARD (Black), Crotaphphytus insularis: chungunts'

COLLECT (see gather)

COLOR: There is no word for color as used in English. Colors are verbs, not adjetives. The suffix -kawd is used to say in kind at the end of the various colors and in this usage approaches the word color.

COLORADO COLUMBINE, Aquilegia coerulea: whechee'ungkopenump

COLORED ROCKS: peko'nukai

COME HERE: hukai', hukhaink'ee, hukhaing'oa

Come sit closer: wakhain'eu kawduh

Come in: vuh'u wakhaik

COME UP, COME IN: tuhnunk'w

COMMANCHE: koomunts' (lit. different)

COMMAND: -oa (used at the end of a sentence to tell someone to do something)

Wake up: puhneng'oa

Drink it: eveeng'oa

COMPANION: (this word is much stronger than tuhkoo'vun my friend. The relationship is more like a brother. The word comes from ai'vum young men, hence the implication of comradeship).

My companion: aivai'yun

COMPARABLE (see same way)

COMPETE: naveech'unkuhee

CONCEAL (see hide)

CONDUCTING (see guide) to lead someone by the arm: tsungkaw'waing, chungkaw'waing

CONFLICTING VIEWPOINTS: nudu'tsou, a state where one person wants to do one thing while the other wants to do something altogether different.

CONFLUENCE (of two rivers): nawvung'kweetoo nookwee (lit. running together)

CONICAL: koovoo', koovoo'u


To finish eating or drinking something: soowu'

Consume it all: soowung'wuk

CONTINUALLY (see always)

COOK (Eng. cook): kook

COOKED (see ripe)

COPY, BORROW: tuhup'

One who always borrows: tuhuv' (from the idea that one who borrows is a copier)

CORKY-SEED PINCUSHION, Mammillaria tetrancistra: taws


1. Ung-weev'

2. Komee'

CORNER (see cove)

COST: nahwhaw'hai.

How much does it cost?: hunop'ai nahwhaw'hawd?

COTTON TAIL, Sylvilagus: tawvoot's

COTTONWOOD (Fremont), Populus fremontii: soa'veep

COTTONWOOD (narrowleaf), Populus angusnfolia: sawghawv', sawhup'

COUGAR, MOUNTAIN LION: peu'dook, peu' tookoop (lit, big cat)

COUGH: hoakoy'

Coughed: okhweeng'w


Could stay over night (lit. lie-could): awvee'eng koop

Should sit here: evahn kawduh' koop

What would happen? What would you do?: uhun'engkoo?

I could kill you if you do that: pukawng'koom mun'ekoom

COUNTRY, LAND, EARTH: tooweep', tooveep'

COUSIN (see relation)

COVE, CORNER, CIRCLE: peko'uv, pekoan'euk

Red circle, or cove: ungkaw' pekonump

COVER OVER (to): wuhkum'ee

Cover it up: wuhkum'euk


1. Kooch, kwechoom'puhts

A herd of cows: kwechoom'puhts evw

2. wanggus'ee, wangguz'ee (used from Moapa south. From the Spanish vaca or Hualapai waksee')

COWBOY (Span. vaquero): pakay'do

COWHIDE: koochoomp'

COW HORN: koochoo' awp


1. Suhnuv

2. Yoho'vuhts (one who always has intercourse. This term applies to Soonungwuv)

3. Soonung'wuv (a legendary deity who was once human)

CRACK (see cut)

CRACKED: youk', yoaw'keku 


1. Oapoa'domp (name of a white man)

Dried out lips: tuhmpu' kwusee'oonuh tawvus'ee

CRADLEBOARD: koan', koanonts'

CRADLE VISOR: moompu'chuts

CRANK IT: chukoyn'noakwee uk

CRAWL, CREEP: mungwuv'ai

CRAZY, FUNNY: unoop'ekunt (lit, has a ghost, possessed)

Going crazy: unoop'ee toowee

CREATE (see make)

CREMATE, BURN: kwechee'kee

CREATE (see make)

CREATURES (any small living thing including insects): pauv'

CREDIT: nahwhawv'

CREEK: pah' nookweent (lit, water running)

CREEP (see crawl)

CREOSOTE BUSH, Larrea tridentata: yutump', yutuv

CREST OF A HILL (see summit)

CREVICE (see cut)


1. Chuhduhts

2. Tsuh'duhts (Kanosh)

3. Skedeets' (Shivwits)

CROOKED (see curve)

CROSSWAYS (see sideways)

CROTCH (the inner thigh area between the legs): tahaw'vai

Your crotch: ta-haw'veum


1. Yutaw'puhts, awtaw'puhts

2. Yataw-kots

3 Hataw'konts (Kanosh)

CROWN OF THE HEAD: (where the hair swirls to the center at the back) kweyoon'

CRUSHING, GRINDING: whechuhn'tooai

CRY OUT IN PAIN (to): kwawdu'vai

CRYING: yaghai'

Mourning ceremony: yawhup'

CRYSTAL (crystals are thought to be left in the ground where lightning strikes; therefore, they are called the rain's arrow): oongwud'uh oowai'uk, oongwud'uh oowuk, oongwud'u oo'-oo'

CUP see bowl

CUPPED HANDS: mantsoon'ovawk (to hold something in the cupped hands)

CURLEYGRASS, Pleuraphis jamesi: wuhkuh' moasoa (lit, vagina hair)

CURRANT (Golden), Ribes aureum: poahomp'eev

CURVE, BEND, CROOK: noakoa'mee big bend in a river noakov'enawk

Little bend in a river: meah'pee noakov'ekainawk

Little curve: noakoa'mee

Big curve: noapoa'nee

Crooked: noapuhn'ench

CUT: some of the following words can also mean rip. (see rip)

1. Cut it in two, split it: takaw'penuk

2. Cut it in two equal halves: skup'enuk naw'vai

3. Cut it off, slice it, cut the cards: chukup'enuk, tsukaw'penuk (lit, to cut one object in one quick cut) Kanosh

4. Cut a card, take a card: chunuv'enu (applied to card games)

Take a card and turn it over: chunup'enuk, or chunuv'enuk, tsunuv'enuk (Koosharem)

5.Cut it (using a large knife): wuhkup'enuk

6. Cut it (using a small knife that takes several motions and more time to cut something off, or in two. Also, to rip something slow in several pulls of the hands): tsakaw'venuk, skuv'enuk

7. To rip in two with one quick motion of the hands: tsakaw'penuk

8. Cut it (using scissors): suhkuh'uk, sekoo'uk (Kanosh)

CUT, SLIT, CREVICE, RIP, SPLIT, FISSURE, CRACK: sekawv’, sekuv'ee, seuk'

Cracked it: seuk'ekai uk

CUTE (see pretty)


DAMP EARTH: soahod'

DAMP: pasoap'

DANCE: oowee, oowee'kai

Let's dance: oowee' vawdum

DANDELION, Taraxacum officinale: o-aw saweent (lit, yellow flower)

DANGEROUS (see ugly)

DARK (see night)

It's getting dark: tookwud'eng wuhchuk

DAUGHTER: pawchuh'

Your daughter: pawchoom'


1. Tawsee'u

2. Coyote morning: suhnu' tawsuh'ai (coyote dawn, about 3:00 a.m. when the false dawn Occurs before it darkens again)

DAY: tavai (from tavaw'puhts sun)

DAY AFTER TOMORROW: penu' tuaik, penu' echuhk

DEADWOOD: oavee' yuaip (lit. wood-dead)

DEAL THE CARDS: mawmun'uvoytseuk

Pull a card: munuv'enuk

DECEMBER: Toopoodookweech or Paaw'toaumuh, puaw'tom (lit, long moon). The informant Carl Jake gave Toopoodookweech as December and Paaw'toaumuh, Puaw'tom as January. However, December is the longest month but early January would seem almost as long to Indians who never had a watch to time the length of each day so I'm not really sure which months to assign these Indian names. The informant was somewhat confused with English equivalents.

DECORATE (see to paint)

DEEP: tookwawd', took'w

It's deep: tookwai'oouk

DEER (mule deer): tuh'euts, tuh'ee the biggest of the two-point bucks soowees'

DENT, DEPRESSION: koyokwawk'u (in metal, or a low place in the land)

DESERT (see barren)

DESERT VELVET, TURTLEBACK, Psathyrotes ramosissima: wuh'pa-whawts

DESOLATE (see barren) 

DESTROY, DAMAGE (to): madok'emawnuk

DEVIL (see ghost)

DEW: punu'kwun


1. Pesoam', pesoan'ee

2. Peshoam' (Kanosh)


1. Naw whee'chu (lit excrement on oneself)

2. Pah kwechup (lit, water excrement)


Going to die: yuai'vawnt

Died, dead: yuai'kunt

Infection from a thorn: munai yuaing'wuhts (lit, sticker-dying)

Plural, chowwuh'

Many dying (continuous tense): chowwuh'kee

Many died off (past tense): chowwuh'kaw puhkunt


That's the wrong one: koomung'us

It's yet another one: koomus

He's different, he's a stranger: koomun'ung

Wrong one: koomus'

DIG: oadai'

DIGGING STICK: chewu'kainump

DINNER, LUNCH (mid-day meal): tavaw' tuhkai (lit. day-eat)

DIP (see valley)

DIRECTION (from): -nungkw

Where from?: hu'munungkw?


Towards: engwee'tuhk

The other way: enee'tuhk

This way, that way: emee'tuhk

DIRT: tooweep'

DIRTY: tuhdooch'ukai, toochaw'hai, toochaw'haw

DISAPPEAR: choo'paw (into thin air like a whirlwind does)

DISCOVER (see find)

DISCUSS (see talk)

DISGUSTING: utump'unee

To say something: disgusting utump 'unee aik

DISLIKE, HATE: kaw ows'uhntewait

Maybe she/he hates me: soov kawchoon ows'uhntewait oong

DISOBEDIENT (see stubborn and doubting)

DISTANT RELATIVE: nawai'yoogwee


DIVIDE (in equal halves or portions): nawvai'

DIVORCE, ESTRANGED (see forget): nuhsuhm 'upeuk, nusuhm'u-hu

DIZZY: aw'kwechuhduhee


To do as indicated, to do in a prescribed manner: mun

Don't do like that: kawchoo mun'eup

Doing like this: muneek'

DO (to), HAPPEN, ACT: oonee'

Done that: oonee'pukunt

You have already done it: ooneng'kwainum

Do it for me: ooneenk'kuhukun

Does it every time: ooneeng'oomee

Do it well: ows'unee

Do it like this: mun'euk ooneng

I'm going to do that: oonee'umpawnt

I've done that: nuh'nee oonenk'ookwain

You've done that: emee oonenk'ookwain

I don't want to do it: nuh kawchuk' oonees'umpaw, nuh kaw oonees' umpaw

I'd like to do it: nuh oonees’umpa-hai

You're going to do it: oonee' umpawnum

It will happen after while: penunk'wunee oonee'um pawnt

What happened to him? (where did he go?): aitaw ooneets' oong

John does that: John ooneed'

DOCTOR: poowu'hunt (lit, has supernatural power)


1. Naw' kawduhngkee (from kawduhngk'ee to miss)

I'm dodging: naw' kawduhngk'uchun

2. I'm dodging: awtawd'ung kuchun

DOE: tuheuv'ee, tuheu'veup (lit, deer mother)

Little doe: tuheuv'veuts


1. Sawdeets

2. Sawdee'voongkoo (lit, dog pet)

3. Suhnuv', soonuv'

4. Poongkoots' (Moapa) this is also the word for horse with some Utes

DOG MINT: toowee'seev

DOGWOOD, RED OSIER, Cornus sericea: ungkaw' kawnuv (lit, red willow)

DOING THAT: -uhdu'puhku (suffix)

DOLL: keyu'tenump (lit. plaything)


DON'T: kaw-, kawchoo-, -up

Don't do that: kawchoo mun'eup, kawchuk oonee'up, kaw mun'eup

Don't say that: kawchoo mai'up

I don't have any: kawchoon' oodooung'wai

DONKEY: moasuhmp'oavoy

DOODLEBUG (see antlion larvae)

DOUBTING, DISOBEDIENT, SUSPICIOUS: kaw tooveets' eku' (lit, not believe)

DOUBTLESS (see yea because)

DOUGLAS FIR (and other firs), Pseudotsuga: sumu' oahomp (lit. blanket pine)

DOWN: toovai, toovu'

DOWNWARD: pechoo'um

Going downhill: pechoo'um toovu

Come down: pununk'w

DRAG (see pull)

DRAGONFLY: saw'duhveengkuhts

Saw-do vink-uhts

DREAM: nonoh'see

DRESS: kwawsuhmp'

DRILL: toodoo'enump

DRINK: evee'

What is drunk: eveep'

DRIPPING: pawtso’tsokwai, poachoa'choahoy

DRIVE: waus'


To accidently drop something or for it to slip out of the hand: mawvuhts'u skeenk

Dropped it: mawvuhts'u skeengku chuku

I dropped it: mawvuhts'u skeengku chukun

DROP-SEED, Sporobolus cryptandrus: moanomp'eev 

DRUM: kwepoy'unump


1. Awmuh'u

He's drunk: awmuh'aiung

2. Yuai' ung (lit. dying) Las Vegas

DRY: tawvus'oop

Dry it: tawvus' uteuk

Dried up: tawpus'kai uduk'

Is it dry?: tawpusicai uduk u'?

DUCK (Lesser Scaup): too' koochoomputs

DUCK (all kinds) (singular): chuhk

Tsuhg, tsuhguts (Kanosh and Koosharem)

(plural) chuhkuts, chuhkung

DUMB: kaw toosoo'ait (lit, smart-no)

Dumb person: kaw toosoo' ait uhm


To do it the same way: awpus, awps'unee

DUST: okoomp'

Blowing dust: okoong'kwai

Floating dust: too'seev

DWARF JUNIPER, Juniperus depressa: sumu oahomp' (lit, blanket pine)

DWELL (see sit)



EACH (see alone)

EDGE (see sharp)

EAGLE, GOLDEN: kwuwnunts'

EAR: nungkuv'

Your ears: nungkaw'vum

My ears: nungkaw'vun

EARTH: tooweep', tooveep

EARTHQUAKE: tooveep' nuhnuhn'tseek

EAST WIND: suhkwee'um

EAST: Sivi (desert Paiute)

Sun direction: tahvai mungwee'see

Engwee'tuhk. (lit, sunrise direction)

EASY TO DO, OVERCOME: peyungk'uhee


1. Nawvus' tuhmpee

2. Soee'nepuhts

EAT: tuhkaw'

To go eat: tuhkaw'vaw

Come and eat: tuhkaw'hai

Let's eat (plural): tuhkaw'kavaw tdungw

I'm through eating: tuhku'muk oochun

EDGE: koong-wawv', koo-waw'

EGGS: nopuv'

Laying an egg: nouv'uteung

Setting on the eggs: nouv'ee

EIGHT: wa'ong' wachuhng'wee (lit. two fours)

ELBOW: keep, kepoom', keem'poh

ELDER BROTHER: pawveets'

ELDER SISTER; pawtseets'

ELDERBERRY BUSH, Sambucuskoanoak'weev, koonook'w

ELK: pah duh'ee (lit, water deer)

EMERGE (see appear and exit)

END (of town or board, etc.): kawtso'uk

The end of it: kawtso 'u vawntuk

ENEMY (see different)

ENGLISH SPARROW, Passer domesticus: yuhuhng'kawhunt. (lit. stealer)


1. -Sump, -hump

That's enough: mun'ehump

Enough of doing: oo'nesump

Finish what you’re doing: oonee'sump' uk 

That's enough of that: mu'du sump uk

2. Toahoyng'wai, toahoy'sump

That's good enough: toahoy'sump uk

3. Now aw'oovus

ENTER (see exit)

ERECTION: wuhu' nungai'ai (lit. penis-angry)

ESCAPE (see run away)

ESCORT (see guide)


1. Before sunset: taw'pook, tawsuh'pai.

2. After sunset: soo'puk

3. Evening, sundown: suhup'uh

EVENING STAR (a modern term): tawsuh'puk pootseev


EVIL EYE: kwesunk'uhd (to witch someone by looking at them).

They who use the evil eye: kweshunk'eoom

EVIL SPIRIT, EVIL OMEN, EVIL a big person or giant found in legends: oddo'souts, oddo'soai EXACTLY (see good)

EXCEPTIONAL, REAL GOOD: petsee'ai, petsee'


I'm going to go defecate: kwechu' whai vaw'neun

To defecate in one's pants: naw' whechun

I'm about to (I have to) defecate: kwechung' wuhseng kunt

EXIT, COME OUT, EMERGE, MOUNT, CLIMB ON: suhpe-, suhpeng, speng

Get out!: suhpeng'oa!

Came out easy: nawvus' spengkwunt

A spring: pah tsuhpee'tseech (lit. water coming out)

Went out of office: office sepeeng'uhpuhkunt

Enter (the word suhpe- can be used for enter if refering to entering or mounting a car)

EXPLODE (see pop)

EYE BROW: puhtuhnk' kawneev (lit. eyeball house)

EYE LASH: puhtuh'seev

EYE: pooeev'.

Your eyes: pooeem'


FACE kov'

Your face kovum

FAINT tawpus'

FAITH (see believe)

FALCON kawsuv

FALL (to) (see hit) we'-eek'

It's going to fall we'-eek'oovaw

It's almost falling: we'-eng' weuk

It fell: we' -ee'chuk

FALL (the season, see autumn)

FALL OVER: moompuk'

FALL SHORT: eyu'tuhus, eyu'tuhk (for something to fall short of where it was intended to go)

FAN WITH FEATHERS (to), TO BLESS: mawvoo'kwee

FANCY (see pretty)


1. Meo'nee

I'm going a long ways away: meon' wuhnchun 

Lets go drink someplace: evee' meyu' vawdungw

2. Eev

Sounds like someone eating way over there: eev'uts tuhku toowuv'ugai

3. Wawn

Way over there: wawn'tuh

FARMERS (see plant): uhu' nuhwunts (lit. planting Indians)

FART: oo'pee

FAST (see keep on)

FAT, GREASE, LARD: yoo-oo'

To be fat: yoo-oo'kwunt

Grease bread: yoo-oo' vawnu

FATHER: moouh-'

My father: mooun'

FAVORITE PLACE: to’tsee (a phrase used in a legend song)


1. Tuheu' toowuts (lit, deer's son)

2. Meah'pee tuheu' toowuts (lit. little deer's son)

FEATHER ROACH: muhnchuhn'ookweemp

FEATHER: wuhsee'uv

FEBRUARY (see March)

FEELING (with your hands): mawvee'kunee

FENCE: kweeup'

FENCE POST: kweyu'nuk

FERNBUSH, Chamaebatiaria milhfolium: Moo-oon' Tuhuv

FIERCE (see mean)

FIFTY CENTS (Eng. four bits): poa'veets


1. Nunump'ukai

You might fight: nunump'ukavaw

2. Always wanting to fight: too oo'kunt (a term applied to the Yavapai’s and Apache’s)

FILE, RASP: wuhnuhd'unump

FILM (Eng. film): fil'um

FIND, DISCOVER: mai, maee'

He found them: main'chuk ung

FINE (see good)

FINGERNAIL, CLAW: maw sechung

His or her fingernail: sechoo' ung

Your fingernail: sechoom', chechoom'

FINGER: mawsuh'

Fingers (plural): mawmaw'suh


1. Are you finished?: awvuhs'tudu? awvuhs'u tsudu?

I'm finished: awvuh'stun, awvuh'suts un

2. -Muk

I'm finished doing: oonemuk'oots un, oonemuk'wuhchun

Do it after you eat: tuhkaw' mookoots oodoo'ai

3. I'm finished: toahoyng' wuhnchun (from toahoy' good)

FIRE, MATCH (see burn): koonaw', koon

FIRE MAKING KIT (fire by friction):

1. Kootoon'ooee nump.

2. Koonu takaw'suhnump


FISH: pawkuh'uts, pawguh'uts

FIT (see good)

FIVE: mawnuh'kee

FIX, REPAIR (to repair something): mawduhngk', mawdung'kai

I'm going to fix it: nuh mawduhngk'u vawnt uk

Their going to fix it: mum mawdungk'u vawnt uk um

She's going to fix it: mung mawduhngk'u vawnt uk

FLASH: punuk'wesai

FLAT: sipun'awkaw, spun'ee, sipun'ee

It's flat: spun'inch

Went flat: spun'aw puhku

FLAT LAND (see plain)

FLATTER, to make someone feel good: soowai' ungkoopee, soowai' unkuhkaw

FLEX THE BICEPS (to): mootsoong'wuk

FLICKER, RED-SHAFTED, Calaples cafer: kwunu'wunts

FLINT (see chert): tuhseep

FLIP (see change it)

FLIP OVER HEADFIRST: un'ee kwetook

FLIRTATIOUS, SILLY: sawm'ekunt, saw'meents

FLOOD: weech

The start of a flood: ooweech'

It's flooding: ooweng' wuhchuk

It's going to flood: oowee'oom pawneu

FLOP DOWN: (to flop down in a limp manner as you sit down)

1. So-wawk'

2. Pawngkoyn'ekai


1. Puhduv

2. Tooweev'

3. Toosoop

FLOWERS (see blossom)

FLOWING (see running)

FLUTE: oy'yo

FLY (to):

(singular) Nontsee'ku

(plural) Yontseek'

Going to fly: yontseek'oovawnt, yontsee'kawvaw

Several flying: yaius' yaius'echung

Flying: yontsee' kawd

The kind that fly: yusuhd'uh muh'nee

Flapping wings to take off: weentseek', weetseek'

Trying to take off: weetseek' oomee'haieku

Took off: weetseek'uhpuhku

FLYING SQUIRREL: oahon' tawvawts (lit, pine squirrel)

FLIES (insect) moo'pechuts


1. A dark blue smokey colored: fog kwe-ee'kai (from kwe-eep' smoke)

2. Pawkuhn'u kawduhk'ai (lit, cloud sitting)

FOLD: mawsup'

Folded: mawsu'pakaw

To fold over and over: mawmus'upuk

FOLLOW (see next)

FOLLOWING IN A ROW: nunu'penungk pakhai (lit, follow-next walking)

FOOD: tuhkup'

FOOLING (see teasing)

FOOT: numputs', nump'

Coyote foot: suhnu' numputs

FOOTPRINT (see track)

FORASMUCH AS (see yea because)

FORD (lit, water crossing):

1. Pawdov'

2. Paw'awvawk (Kaibab)

FOREHEAD: mootaw'kaw

Your forehead: mootawk'um

Big forehead: pa'awngk'ow

FORGET, DIVORCE, LEAVE. To let go from ones mind something learned or someone once Known: suhmuh'u, suhmuh'gahaw, nawsuhm'uhai

I'm going to leave them: suhmuh-kwai vawneum

I'm going to leave you: suhmuh'u whaivawm, suhmuh'u vawneum

Left her/him: suhmpai' empai'ayung

Forget them: nawsuhmai'um

FORGETFUL: suhmpu'tuhkwai


He who was in the past: nengwoo' kaip

Cottontail who once was: tawvoom' puhkaip

FOREST: mu-haw' kawduhd. (lit, all kinds sitting)

FORT: nawhoo'kwee kawn (lit, war house)

FOUR: wachoo-oonee, wachuh'ee, wachuhng'wee

FOUR-WING SALTBUSH, WHITE GREASEWOOD, Atriplex canescens: moodoo'nuv

FOX: onchee'uts, ontsee'uts

FREMONT SCREW BEAN: sechuh'uhdump (from sechoo' claw)

FRIEND (see companion): tuhkoov'

My friend: tuhkoov'un

FRIGHTENED (see afraid)


1. Pawkwun', pawkwun'uv (larger than waw'hots and smaller than a bullfrog)

2. Waw'hots (a small green frog that makes a sound like "waw'ho")

3. Pawkots' (Willow Springs)

4. Sakhwaw'hawduhm wawhots (lit. green frog) Kaibab

FRONT (see ahead)

FRONT QUARTER OF A DEER: unguv (lit, upper arm)

FROZEN: tuhus'kunt

I'm frozen: tuhus'eun

FRY: wesaw' weshaw'

FULL: pono'ai

I'm full: pono'unchun

It's full: poochu'kunt

Fill it up: poochu'teuk

FUNNY (see crazy)

FUR, FURRY HIDE: puhoov'

It's furry: puhoo'ung

Horsetail hair: kuvaw kwusee poo-ook

FUTILELY (see vainly)

FUZZ (see stickers)


GALLOP: hawpoa'nai

Galloping along: hawpoanai'menai

GAMBLE (to gamble with cards)

1. Paw'see (Span. pasar)

Gambler paw'seets, paws'ekunt

2. Tuhun'ee (Moapa)

GAMBEL OAK, SCRUB OAK, Quercus gambelii: kweuv-


Gathered: chou'kunt

Gather it: choung'wuk

GEE :uhun'

GOOSE, Branta: kaov'

GENTIAN, Fresera: kaiv'u okoonump (lit, mountain okoonump)

GENTLE (see soft) 


1. Wa-aing'oa, oeng'oa

2. Weuk'evu

GET UP: kuhduh'kee, kwuhduh'kee

I got up: kuhduh'ke chun

GET, TAKE: kuh'uh'

Get it: kuh'uh'ee ook


I'm about to urinate: se'-ee' wuhseeng kunt


1. Unoo'peets (whirlwinds are considered ghosts so the word unoo'peets is used for ghost and whirlwind)

2. Whatever scares a person: uhdduhts'


1. Peow' noong (lit, big person)

2. Ketoos (the name of a legendary giant in the Shivwits area called Kweetoos. His name is therefore synonymous with the word giant)

GIFT: nuhngwu'haw

Let's give it: nuhngwu'havawdum

GIGGLING: kekee'ungk (plural of keyunk'ee to laugh)

GILA MONSTER, BANDED. Heloderma cinctum: etseev'

GILA MONSTER. Heloderma suspectum: hawtsee'mo

GIRL (adolescent age): nawain'seets

GIRLFRIEND: kuh'dee (Eng. girl)

GIVE IT HERE: hukai'uk, hukaik' (shortened form of hukai'uk)


1. Nuhdoo'gwuk, nuhdoo'kwaiook

Give me that one: mud'u nuhdook'kwuk

Give it to him: ungud'owuk

2. In the sense of giving to keep: muhawng'wuhn

GLAD (see happy)

GLASS (see transparent)

GLASS CUP: suhguh' ohots (lit. transparent bowl)

GLASSES: punu'pooeem (lit, shiny eye)

GLOBEMALLOW. Sphaeralcea: kuh'eyokomp

GLOVE: maw' koonuv (lit, finger sack)


1. Ugeev'

2. Moapuhmp' (different type of gnat) Koosharem


1. To tell someone to go to, or move towards, in a direction away from the speaker: kwaw

go on, go away: kwawng'oa

(plural) podo', podoy'

Shall go away: podo'kwai-

2. Oovuh'nee, vuh'

Go ahead and do it: uhvuh'ukaw

I'm going: uhvuh'tsun

Shall we go?: vuh'dum u'?

Go on (by yourself): oovuh'eyuk

3. To go away: oodoo'

We're going away: oodoo' whawmpawn'eunum (dual)

I'm going away: oodoo' whawm pawn'eun

GO GET IT: yow’khwaingwuk, yow'whaingwuk

GO HOME: paiyuh'kwai

GOD (Wolf, the older brother): Toovuts'

GOD (Coyote, the younger brother): Soonung'wuv

GOING TO GET HIM (I'm): chungkaw'whaim pawneun

GOING UNDER, TO SINK: yowk'w (as one does in the water, or as the sun sets beneath the horizon).

GONE (all used up): toopeek'w

I'm all out of it: toopeek'wuhchun

It's all gone: toopeek'wuhtsuk, toopeek'wuhchuk

GONORRHEA: ko'chuv

GOOD ONE: uup'uoonee

GOOD, CENTER, JUST RIGHT, HALF, MIDWAY, FITS, ENOUGH, THANKS, FINISHED, ALL, EXACTLY, STRAIGHT: toahoy' (this word has a very broad range of meanings that seems to be based on the idea of center. If something is centered then it is just right, it's good, it's enough, it fits, it's finished, it's directly overhead and so on).

The same amount: toahoy'nawvai

Thanks: toahoy'uk, tahoy’uk (lit, good-it)

Midday: toahoy' tavai

Midnight: toahoy' tookwun

Haven't you got enough: kawchuhd, u toahoyng'wai

Does it fit?: toahoyng'wuhnchuduk?


1. Aw'tai, ai'ee

It's real good: tooveets' ai'euk

I'm very fine, I'm very well, I'm happy: tooveets' aiun

That's alright, it's okay: ai'hump uk

Be patient: ai'munekai

Thanks: ai'uk (lit, it's good)

2. Good in the sense of being still or quiet: soo (see happy)

Lie still: soo' awvee

GOOD-BYE: puhnekay'vawsoom (lit. I'll see you again)

GOPHER. Thomomys: muheyuhm'puhts

GOURD, BUFFALO-GOURD Cucurbita onoo'kweemp

GOURD, RATTLE: kuhsud'uhai nump, wuhsawd'uhai nump

GRAB (see seize)


1. Paternal: wheechech'een

2. Maternal: kawhoots', kawgoots'


1. Paternal: koonoo-,

Your grandfather: koonoon'

Grandson (reciprocal): koonoonts'

2. Maternal: tokon'

Grandson (reciprocal): tohots'


1. Maternal: kawgoo-

Your grandmother: kawgoon'

Grandmother of many: kawkaw'huhvoom (Kaibab)

Kawkaw'goom (Koosharem)

Granddaughter (reciprocal): kawhoots', kawgoots'

2. Paternal: wheetsee'ee

Granddaughters (plural): wheechech'een


1. Paternal: koonoonts'

2. Maternal: tohots'

GRANITE :moakov' 

GRASS, HAY: oogweev'

GRASSHOPPER: awdung 'kupeets, awdung'kawts


1. Nengwoo' goop

2. Nengwoo'chungwup (Kaibab)


1. Awsee' awsee'ku

Gray one: se'kawdum

2. A dirty white (of a different shade than awsee'): yooveen'kawd, yoovee'shuhai

Gray hill: yooveen' kawduhd (this word could also mean ponderosa hill)

3. Ashen color: koochu'kawd (lit. ash kind)

GRAY SQUIRREL: ung'kuchawn

GREASE (see fat)

GREASEWOOD, (black): Sarcobatus vermiculatus tonov'

A piece of greasewood: toneev

GREAT AUNT: whechee'

GREAT (see brave)

GREAT UNCLE'S SON: hoakoy'cheen


1. Nuhnchov'

One who is greedy: nuhncho'kwawdum

One who has greed: nuhnchov'ekunt

2. One who doesn't give: noomu'hait

GREEN FLAGSTONES: ai'tuhmpetsee

GREEN (see blue)

GRINDING (see crushing)

GRIZZLY BEAR: tosawk' kweuts (lit. white bear)

GROUND SQUIRREL: (see chipmunk)

GROW: nunai

Full grown: nunuk

GROWL, ROAR: oaddong'wai

GUARD: ta-ong'waikup

GUIDE, CONDUCT, ESCORT, LEAD, HELP (see conducting): toovuhn'uhawk (leading a person By the hand, to help along)

Conducting him/her: toovuhn'uhawng

GUITAR: ka-haw'tee nump (lit, singing instrument)

GUM (see pitch)

GUN (see rifle)

GUN MEDICINE MAN (a man with supernatural power to heal bullet wounds): tuhmpeoo' poowu'hunt (lit. gun-medicine-has)

GUN: toompeoots'

GUNPOWDER: koochung'wawk

GUYS: tu'uts'



HAIL: pa-omp'


1. Pauhk'ee



1. Sunu' mawduh'kawts (lit, tan colored American)

2. Yoovees'u hawdum (a term used for someone who is half Negro (see black)


1. Nawvai'

Exactly half: toahoy nawvai

2. Tuhdu'kwouk (lit, to half it; to cut something down the middle into two equal halves),

Half full, full to the middle: tuhdu'kwoupawk

3. Sengkwun'na-haik, singkwun'uv (one of the halves after it has been cut down the middle (lit, side half)

HALT (see stop)

HAND GAME: naiyung'weep

HAND: mo'-oh'

Your hand: mo'-ohm

HANDLING ROUGH: mamaw'duhoy


1. Koaduk'

Hang it up: koaduk'ainuk

2. Oowai'

To hang up many times (plural): oo-oo'waingwuk

To hang lots up: oongwaing'wuk

Hang it up: oongwai'uk (this sentence is almost identical with it's raining and would be Spelled the same).

Hung up: oongwai'kunt

Hanging up: oowaing-wuk

One hanging: oongwaing'


HANGING ON (to hang, to swing at the end of a rope, or to cling at the edge of something): puhduh'dai, puhntuh'ai, puhnduhk'uhmee, puhntuhk'ee

HANDKERCHIEF (Eng. handkerchief): haing'kechup

HAPHAZARDLY (to do something any way it suits you without regard to what's right): pawhun'

Does it any way: pa-hun' oonee'tee

HAPPEN (see do)

HAPPY, (see good)

HARD, LEATHERY (like a cloth that is made stiff when a liquid has dried on it, or rawhide after it dries): pegu'gai, peku'hai

HAS: -hunt, -kunt, -uhunt, -ugunt, -ekai

I have a brother: nuh chukaits'ekunt

I have a baby: nuh pesoa'hunt

HAT: kai'chuhots

HAT BAND: kai'chuho whechup (lit. hat-wrap)

HATCHET: tawvee'nump toowuts (lit. axe child)

HATE (see dislike)

HAVEN (see nest)

HAY (see grass)

HEADACHE: totsee'pukawngkee (lit. head-hurt)

HEAD OFF (to), INTERCEPT: kwuhtok'weuveung

HEAD: totsee

Your head: totseem'

The one with the head (a horse's name): totsee'vuhuts

HEAR, LISTEN: nungkaw', nungkai'

Hear me: nungkaw'kaichun

Not listening: nungkaw'vait (lit, no ears)


1. Mookoo'uv

Your spirit: mookoo'um

2 Suul too'goouhunt

3 Peyuhp (the physical heart)


1. Tawveen'weai

2. Toowuv'ugai (this word for noise or sound can also be used in referring to a heartbeat)

HEAT WAVES: (see vapor)

HEAVEN (SKY): toohoom'paiahv 

HEAVY, WEIGHTY: puhtee'ud

It's heavy: puhtee'uhunt (has weight)

HEEL: tawmpeep

Your heel: tawmpeem'

HELD FAST, STUCK: chukaink (from chu'ai' to hold)

It's stuck: chukaw'uchuk

HELLGRAMMITES, Corydalidae: pawsuh'kawmeents

HELLO: maik'w

Hello sir (wus said only to men):  maik oongwus'

HELP (see assist and guide)

HER (see him)

HERBS (see medicine)

HERE (a location): ee'vai, evahnt'

Beginning from: here evai'yuhs

About here: evai'uhnee

Right here, to here: evahnt'uh

HERE (to give): eyun'

Here (take it): eyun'

Here it is: eyun' uk kawdee (lit. here it sits)

HERMAPHRODITE: tungwu'mumowm (Lit. man-woman)

HERMIT 'THRUSH, Hylocichla guttata: sawngwuv' ooet (lit, sage sparrow)


1. Awhaw'-, awgaw'-

Hidden: awhaw'pukaw

Hidden person: aw'hawvuhts

2. To hide or cover self in fright, cringe, shrink: paw kaik'

To hide out of fright: awhaw' pawkai'eku

HIGH (see tall) HILL:

1. Kaiv'uts

2. Kawduhd (this word for sitting is used concerning people or stationary objects such as hills, mountains, and lakes)

HIM, HER, HE, SHE, THAT ONE (can be either sex):

1. That one (visible, animate): mung

2. That one (not present, animate): ung, oong'w

3. This one (present, animate): eng

HIND QUARTER: to'-oh'vum

HIP: seump', cheump'

My hips: cheim'puhn

HISTORY, CHRONICLE: nawduh'gwenup (events told by witnesses, compare legends)

HIT, STRIKE, PUNCH, STAB (to hit by thrusting with the hand): tonu'

Stabbed with a knife: we-ee' tonu'puhku

Beat him up!: toch'okwawngw!

He's going to hit you: toch'ung kuhneung oong


Hit him, whip him: kweep'ung

Spank him: kweep'oongwung

Fell to the ground: kwepu'puhku


Alight: tawvee' veech'ookwaw


1. Tsoakoad'

He/she's hoarse: tsoakoad'ung

2. Kawnu'doai

3. Yogwud'unwuhtsuk (throat mucus from yogwuv')


1. Cha-haw'vuhts. (lit, one who sews because he has ragged clothes) from cha-haw to sew. This word also applies to anyone who sews, such as a seamstress. 

2. Tawhaw'puhts (lit. poor)

3. Wunts from wuntsee'puhts (lit. antelope) used at Cedar City for an Anglo hobo.

4. Toodump'

HOIST (to hoist something up at the end of a pole): sichunk'aiuk

Hoisted me: sichunk'aiunk

HOLD, CATCH: chu'ai-

Hold it: chu'aik'ayuk

Let me hold you: chu'ai'nevum

Catch it: chu'ai'uk

HOLE: opuk'ai

HOLLER (see yell)

HOME (see return)

HOPI :Moo'kweech, Moo'kwee

HOPPING: wuhwuh'tuh hainum

HORIZON: paiu'dosee toohoom'pai

HORN (from an animal): awp

HORN BELLY (on a wooden bow): awtawk

To have a horn belly: awtaw'ukunt

HORN SPOON (used nowadays for a metal spoon): meenchoak', meencho'kwuts

HORNED LARK, Eremophila alpestris: sechoo'nunts


HORSESHOE: kuvaw' pawtch


1. Kuvawts' (Span. caballo) kuvaw'oong (plural)

2. Kuvaw' voongkoo' (lit. tame horse)

3. O-waw'dov (Moapa)

HORSETAILS, SCOURING RUSHES, Equisetales variegatum: pawhaw' wuhchuh'choogwee nump


1. Hot (inanimate): kuhchuhng'ee

2. (weather): tawdo'ee

It's hot: tawdo'e ook

HOUSE: kawn', kawnee'

Houses (plural): kawngkawn'

Little house: kawneents'


1. U-hun'?

How do you do it?: u -hun'engchuk uneng?

How are you? (singular): u-hun'ee udoo'ai?

How are you? (plural): u-hun'eem oodoo'ai?

2. Hawd?

How is it?: haw'doai ee'neuk?

How are you?: haw'do een'eu?

HOW ABOUT YOU?: eem' oovai?


HOW MUCH?: huno'pai?

HUGGING: aiun'ookwai

HUMAN (see Indian)

HUMMING BIRD: moo'toonchuts, moo 'toontuts


Had a hunched back: saium'puhkunt

Hump backed one: sawv' oongwawdum


1. Tuhkuh'ee, tuhguh'ee

Are you hungry?: tuhkuh'e aiay'du?

I'm hungry: tuhkuh'e aiun

2. Starving: tuhguh'e yuai (lit. hungry-die)

She's starving: tuhkuh'eai chung 

HUNT (to hunt):

1. Tuhnu'

Let's go hunting (plural): tuhnu meu vawdum

Lets'go hunting (dual): tuhnu' whaimpawdum, tuhnu' whaivawdum

2. Yuahng'kwai, yahngk, yahng

Let's go hunting: yuahng'kwai vawdum

HUNTER: tuhnunts'


1. Toowin'eu, toowin'ee, tuhngwin'eu

2. Uhvuh'neu oon

Shall we hurry?: vuh'neudungw?

HURT (see pain)

HUSBAND: koomu-'

My husband: koomun'

To have a husband: koomu'hunt

To have husbands (plural): kookoom'uhunt


I AM, I'M: -aiun

I'm hungry: tuhkuh'e aiun

I, ME: nuh', nuhk'

That's me: nuh'vuhts

ICE: pawus'kup, paw kuhup

Frozen water: paw tuhus'ku

ILLEGITIMATE: kaw moo'ait (lit, no father)

IMAGE: nawvuhn

IMITATING: nengwoo' nawvus

INDEED: uhngkuh'(adv)

INDIAN CABBAGE, PRINCE'S PLUME, Stanleya pinnata: tuhmu'duh


1. Moo’tuntu sueep' (lit. hummingbird's flower): Koosharem

2. Toho' oaho' suent (lit, snake tongue blossoms)

INDIAN POTATO, Orogenia lineanfolia: whechuhn'

INDIAN RICEGRASS, Oryzopsis hymenoides: (and related species) wai

INDIAN, PERSON, BODY, HUMAN: nengwoo- nengwoonts', nengwoo'vuhts, Nungwu (singular)

Desert Paiute: Nuwu

Indians, people (plural): nengwoonts'eng, nengwuhng' nuhng'w

INDISCRIMINATE: one who speaks indiscriminately and says things he shouldn't say pawnee' To say everything: pawnee ai'tee

Don't say everything: pawnee ai'teup

One who says everything: pawnee' ainch oong (this sentence refers to someone you're Talking about who is absent)

He who says everything: pawnee' ung usunee (this sentence refers to someone you're talking About who is present)

INDIVIDUALLY (see separately)

INFECTED (see die)

INSECT, BUG: pa'awts'

Insects, bugs (plural): pa' awts'eev

INSERT (to insert, like threading a needle): chuhnuhk'euk


1. Awvung 'way

2. Inawk' inaw'tuh

It's inside: inaw'etuhk

Get in here: inaw'haiktseep

INSTRUMENT (see thing)

INTELLIGENT (see smart)

INTUITION, SENSING (to sense something is going to happen or has happened):

1. Aik'unee

I sense it: aik'unin

2. Soontoo'wee

INVINCIBLE (see brave)

INVITE (see call)

IRON OXIDE, OCHRE: oampee', oompee’, oamp

IRON WEED: koav'

IRON, METAL, STEEL: punu’kawd (lit. shining)

IS IT SO?: u'?

Is it true?: tooveets' u'?

IT (see that)

ITCH (to): peyuh'hungkuhee



JAB (see poke)

JACKRABBIT: kumoonts'

JAIL (see locked, also shut)

JAM, JELLY (Sweet): peuv

JANUARY: Pa'aw' toaumuh, Pu'aw'tom (lit, long moon) or Kawng'wu (lit. squeak-made-by-walking-on snow-moon). (The long moon would probably be December. The informant, Carl Jake, was somewhat confused on the English equivalents as have been other informants.)

JAPANESE (Eng. Japanese): chupun'ee a Japanese person chupun'evuhts

JAY, ARIZONA, Cyanocitta woodhousei: choeng'kee

JAY, STELLER'S, Cyanocitta stelleri: chaiu'kutch

JEALOUS (see distrustful): koodaw'doo-whu, koodaw'dookwunt (lit. neck?)

JERKED MEAT: eyung' one who is drying meat eyu'num

JERUSALEM CRICKET, COPPERHEAD, Stenopelmatus fuscus: tuhgoo'tuh neahv (lit. burying chief, grave chief)

JIMSON WEED, SACRED DATURA, Datura meteloides: moamop'

JOINT REED: pawhaw' wuhchuh'choogwe nump


1. Uhjuhts'

2. I'm just saying that: nawvus' un aik (from nawvus' nothing)

JOSHUA TREE Yucca brevifolia:

1. Osaw'dumpeev

2. Choowaw'duhmp

JUMP (to jump down, over, or off):

1. Tawpook

2. Wuhvuhk'ee

To jump in response: wuhvuhk'umee

JUMPING MOUSE, Zapus princeps: paiyuhm'puhts

JUNCO, SLATE COLORED, Junco hyemalis: noovu' toampoa'koytch (lit, snow toampoa'koytch) JUNCTION (of roads):

1. Poa' nawvung'utookenaw

2. Povo'uhunt (plural)

JUNIPER, CEDAR TREE, Juniperus utahensis and osteosperma: wawup'

JUST, ONLY, EXCEPT, BUT, ALTHOUGH, IN SPITE OF, EXACTLY, SUITABLE: -sump in spite of What he said: aikuh'sump ung

Let it be exactly like that: munee'sump

Just stay there: mu'vu sump  unee'ku, mu'vu sump ooni'nee

Go ahead and bite me: kuh'uh'ee sumpun

Only me, just me: nuh'sump

If you want to: oonee'sump pa-hai



KANGAROO RAT, Dipodomys: tawwee'uts

KEEP ON (to), PERSISTENTLY, STUBBORNLY, QUICK, FAST, HARD (to continually do, to do Hard or fast): puhngku'nee

Keep going: puhngkun'eng oa

Keep doing it: puhngku'onee

KEY: chukwee'nump (lit, twisting thing)

KICK: tungai

He's kicking: tuntdung'ai ung

I'm kicking: nuh tuntdung'aiun

KIDNEY: pesup'ov

Your kidney: pesup'om

KILL, WIN (singular): pukaw-

I'm going to kill you: nuh pukaw' ompawm

(plural): koahoyp'

Killed them all: koahoy'kaium

I killed them all: nuh koahoy'kaiun

KILLDEER, Charadrius vociferus: pawntuh'keets

KIN (see relation)

KIND (see soft)

KING SNAKE: suhng, suhng'uv, suhng'ump


1. Kees (Eng. kiss)

2. Pechee' (suck)

Will kiss you: tuhmpai'um pechuhng'umpaw (lit. mouth-suck-will)

KNEAD (see squeeze with fingers)

KNEE: tunguv

Your knee: tungu'voom

KNEELING: tawn'udoy kawdee

KNIFE: we'-eets', we' -eech'

His knife: mung'ai we'-eets'

My knife: nuh'nai we'-eets'

KNOCK (to): mawvoan'toahoy

KNOCKED OUT: woachok'ween

Knocked him out: woacho'kwe ung

KNOTTED STRING: tawpee'chup

KNOW (to) (see understand):

1. Tooveech'

Doesn't know how: kaw toovee'ait

Doesn't know how to do it: kaw oonee'tooveait

I'm learning to be smart: toosoo'ai tooveech'oowaiun

2. -Skway, -vaius

I don't know: oodoo'skway

I don't' know about it, (I don't think so): oodoo'vaius

I don't know about him, (it's up to him): oongwu'vaius, oongwu'skwai

You know, it's up to you, (ask yourself): emee'skway

It's up to you (plural): muhmuh'evaius

It's up to them: oomuh'skwai



LADY (woman): Mumowts’ (Plural) Mumown

LADY BUG: Mumow pa auv

LAKE: pah' kawduh (lit, water sitting)


1. Chenopodium fremontii koav' (Koosharem)

2. Chenopodium album pee'gee nungkaw'vawm (lit, pig's ears) Cedar City

LAME (to limp): sawngkuhd'

One who limps, lame: sawngkuhts'

LAND: tooweep, tooveep

LARD (seefat)

LAST ONE (the last one following along): nengwoo'venunkw

LATE, BEHIND: nengwoo'venu pawchuhk


1. Kai'uhsoon

He hasn't arrived yet: kaiuhs' pechuhng'wais

2. Pee'kai

3. (see next) penunk'

LAUGH: keyunk'ee, kia

Always laughing: keyunk'oomeent

LAVA ROCKS, LAVA FLOW: too' yoonuv

LAY (to lay with the hands) to lay an object on with the hands: mawkuh' nunump

Laying on of hands: mawkuh-nai

Administer (lay on hands in prayer): mawvoo'kweep


(singular): awvee'

Lying, ridge: awveech

Lying around: awvee'nee

Staying overnight: awveng'wee

(plural): kwawvee'

LAZY: nandum'muh-ai

LEAD (see guide)

LEADER: mooeed'

Your leader: mooeen'chum, mooeen'tum

Man leader, boss: mooeen'tungwung


I want to go ahead: nuh mooee'vaw

LEAF, EAR: nungkuv', nungkawk'

LEAKS: pawcho'cho whaiuk

LEARN: tooveech

LEATHER: peghup', pehup'

LEAVE (see forget)

LEFT HAND: kwee-

Left-handed :kwe'-ee'kunt

LEG: yoo'-oo'

Your leg: yoo'-oom'

Water legs: pai yoo'-oots'

Bloody legs: paop'ee yoo

LEGENDS, MYTH, STORY: tookwee'nup (these stories are basically fairy tales that are designed

To show some evidence of legitimacy by showing analogies in nature.

LEGGINGS, PANTS: koos', koosuts'

(plural): kookoo'suts

LEGS UP IN THE AIR WHILE LYING DOWN (as a baby does): tawchai

LET (see make): -vu

Don't let it fall: kaw oowee'vungwu

LET GO (to): mungoop'

Let go of it: mungoop'uk

LET IT BE, NEVER MIND: empai'uk oonee'vu, empai'uk oodow'vu

LET ME GO WITH YOU: nuh' muheng'kwaivaw, nuh emeeng'whaing 


Let's go: vuh'dum (dual)

Let's go then: vuh'dum eku

Let's go dance: oowee' vawdum

Let's go home: paiay'kwai vawdum

Should we go?: vuh'dum oo'vai?

Let's go to the meeting: vuh'dum soopawd'oupawntookwum

Let's go to town: town'e kwai vawdum

Let's go (plural): vuh'dungw

Let's go (more than two): uhvuhts'udung

LEVEL (see plain)


1. Kweu'pee, kweuk'

Lick yourself: kweuv'um

2. Lick it: a-ho'dovee (from a-ho'uv tongue)

Lick it: a-ho'doveuk

LID: toowup'

LIE, UNTRUTHFUL: toovuhs'uddai (lit, it's a lie)

LIFT (to): kwuhuhk'

LIGHT, SHINING: punai', punu'kaw

LIGHTNING: punuk'wees, punuk'wuhs

LIKE, LOVE, WANT, NEED, WISH: ow'suhntuhee

I really love you: tooveets' ow'suhntuheun

I want that one: ow'suhntuheuk mud'uhn

LIKENESS (see resemble)

LINED UP, IN A ROW: nawvee'cheku

Hanging in a row: oongwai' nawvee'chekunt

One after another: unee'nawveecheku

Lined up behind: nawvee' nawpawchuhk

Lots lined up behind: nunu'penuk

LIP (upper lip or mustache area): tuhmpu'kwusevum

LIPS (see mouth)

LIQUOR (see wine)

LISTEN: nungkaw'kai

LITTLE BIT: meunts', meunts'unee

LITLE BOY: ai'puts, ai'pu, aip'

LITTLE, SMALL, TINY: meah'puhts, meah'pee meu'peech

LIVER: nengwoomp'

LIVING, ALIVE: nengwoo'kain

I'm living: nengwoo'kaiun

LIZARD (collective name for most lizards): sekoo 'peets

LOAD (see carry)

LOCKED: tsukwu, chukwee'

Locked up: chuhkwee’kaivu

He's locked up, in jail: kechoong'wung

LOCOWEED, Astragalus purshii:

1. Chuhkwee'kaivu (Koosharem)

2. Pataw'kai nump (lit. popping thing)

3. Sawdu'ganump (lit, rattling thing)

LOCUST, Robinia neomexicana: peu' sechump 'eev (lit, sweet scratcher)

LOCUST, CICADA, Cicadidiae: kuhv, kuhoov'


1. Nuhnuhnts'tsungaiee

2. To miss someone or something: soowaw'duhkuheun

LONG (in length): puawn'tuh muhnee, puawn'tuhnee

LONG TIME AGO: ees, wee'tuhs

LOOK: puhn'nee, puhnee'ku, ni'ku (a shortened version).

Looking: puhnee'kai

LOST: mu'ung'

I'm lost: mu'ung'engchun

LOTS (see much)

LOUD: pu'aw'nee (from pu' awn' high)

LOUSE: pouv'

Lice: tseuv'

LOVE (see like)

LUNCH (carried in a bag): tookwus'

LUNGS: soav

Your lung: soam

LYING IN WAIT: mawntsuh'ai awvee' (lit, to catch while lying)

LYING ON YOUR BACK: pawdu'metook


MAD (see angry)

MAGPIE: maw'kwaiuv, maw-kwaiuts (kwaiuv'and kwaiuts' are shortened forms)

MAHOGANY (CURL-LEAF), Cercocarpus ledifolius: toonump', toonup'


1. -Echooum, -ekwoai

Let's go build a house: kawneents'ekwai vawdum

2. Mawduhngk'

In the name of He who created the earth: Oongwai neu'pawtuhk tooweep'uh mawdo'koym mawpuhkunt'uh

3. -do

Make some bread: pawn'uh dong oa, pawn'u do

Make a cradle board: koano'dong oa, koanod'do

To make a bow: awchuh duh'

MAKE, LET: -tee

Make a fire: nawai'tee

Make her cry: ya-haw'teung

Let me do it: nuh oonee'teng

Let (make) him do it himself: mungu'tus oonee'teng

MAKING BELIEVE (see pretend)

MALLARD: achuh'

MAMMOTH, MASTODON: mooyai sevee'u

MAN: tungwuts'

MANNER (see way)

MANO, MEALER: moouts'

MANY (see much)

MANZANITA, Arctostaphylos: awdu'dumpeev (Kaibab)

MARCH: sovawdum muduhwuts, so'vai muhunts (lit, meanest moon).

(There was some confusion with the informant, Carl Jake, as to the English equivalents. This month could be either February or March)

MARE: peup'

MARROW: pekoo'hoom

MARRY (to):

1. Pengwud'u (from pengwu' wife)

I'll marry you: nuh pengwu' doongpawm

They got married: pengwu' doong kwuntum

2. Married: nawhoom'

MARSHHAWK ,Circus cyaneus: maaw'vu chukuts

MASTURBATE: wuh'uh' keyu'teku (lit. penis-playing)

MAT, RUG: sumup' (this word can be used for anything that is spread out including a blanket, tablecloth, etc.)

MATCH: koonut' (seefire)

Give me a match: koonaw' muhawng'wuhn

MATCHBRUSH, BROOM SNAKEWEED, Gutierrezia sarothrae:

1. Yoowaw'dump, yoowu'unump

2. Koo'kwunump (this last word is only used by the Kaibab band; however, they also use


MAYBE: soov'

ME (see I)

ME TOO: nuh’kainee

MEADOW LARK, Sturnella neglecta: ee'toowuts


1. Nawngung'kunt

2. Always wanting to fight: too-oo'kunt

3. so'vai

Mean month: so'vai muhunts (an undetermined winter month; see March)

MEASURE: tuhkai'

MEAT: tuhkoo'uv

MEDICINE ROCK: poowu'duhmp

MEDICINE, HERBS, PILLS: moosoo'tookweev

MEDICINE MAN (he who uses his supernatural powers to do either good or bad): poowu'hunt oong (compare witch doctor)

MEDICINE MAN, HERBALIST: moosoo'tookwe hunt (lit, one who has medicine)

MEETING (see assemble)

MELTED: su'ung, su'aing'


1. Na'aw'hawdee, na'aw'hawduh (lit. sitting alone)

2. Moounts'ee hawduh (lit. moon-sitting)

She's menstruating: mooun'ung (lit, she's mooning)

You're menstruating: mooun'um (lit, your mooning)

MESA (see top)


METAL, MONEY (see iron): punu'kawd (lit. shining)


1. Mawd'

2. Moouts (Koosharem)

MEXICAN: hookwuts'

MIDDLE (see half and between)

MIDGET: nanduh'veets

MIDNIGHT: toahoy' tookwun


1. Mooeev'

2. Tawuv'

3. Pe-ee'

4. Mee'deek (Eng. milk)

MILKWEED, Asclepias: pe'-ee' whawvoo'kwunump (lit, milk squirter)

MINE, MY: nuh'nee

It's mine: nuh'nee udun, nuh'nai oodoo'un

My father: nuh'nee mooun


1. Nawduh'ku (a phrase from a song)

2. Too'see kawduhd (lit, floating dust sitting)

MIRROR: nawvuhn'e nump (lit, image thing)

MISS (to): kawduhnk'

Keeps missing it: kawduhnk' oome kaiuk

MISSIONARY, PREACHER, PRIEST: Soonung'wuvee umpaw'hawd (lit. Coyote Talker)

MISTER (see sir)


Mixing liquids: pawdoo'pee

Mix it: pawdoo'euk

MIXED: nawnaw'hawninee oonee'kunt

MOCCASIN: nengwoo' pawtch, nengwoo' vawchuts. (Moccasins were originally called "pawtch" but since they have become a rarity due to the modern shoe, moccasins are now called Indian shoes.)



1. Aiut'

2. Ma-uhkaw'uhveech

MOLASSES (Eng. molasses): mudus'


1. Punu'kawd (lit. shining)

2. Muhnee (Eng. money)

3. Tuhmpeem' (used at Moapa, from tuhmpee' rock)

MONSTER (see Ghost)


1. Muhyu'tohots, muhunts'

2. Maw'tohots (Koosharem)

3. Month (Eng. month). -umuts'

September: yoovun'umuts (lit, fall month)

MOOSE: paiyoo'kwutch

MORMON (Eng. Mormon): Moa'mun, Moa'munee

MORNING STAR: tawtsee'untsaw pootseev, tawsuh'untoo pootseev, tawsuhn'too pootseev


In the morning: ee'chukoos, wee'chukoos

This morning: aw'wechuhk

MOSQUITO: moouv'


1. Moo'sevuhkots

2. Wuhsee'u vuhkuhts. Wawseev' are the fine scales that come off the moth's wings (see stickers).

MOTHER: peyuh'

His/her mother: peyung

My mother: peun'

MOUNT (see exit)

MOUNTAIN GOAT: kai'tos (Moapa and Las Vegas)

MOUNTAIN LION (see cougar)

MOUNTAIN SHEEP, DESERT BIGHORN: nawk', nawghaw', nagah


Mountain lying down: kai'awvahv


MOUSE: pooee’chuts


1. Tuhuk', tuh'

2. Sekai'uk toompawk (lit, a crack's mouth)

MOUTH, LIPS: tuhmpum'

One Who Doesn't Talk (a personal name): Tuhmputs'

MOVE OUT OF THE WAY: emee'tuhkwaw

MOVE (to move or to travel far away): meyawv'ughai.

Let's move away: meyowm'padum

I moved away: meyaw'vuhai koochun

MOVEMENT (of the body), MOVE ABOUT, STIR ABOUT to move the entire body: munai  to move one part of the body munung'oomee.

MOVIE, SHOW (Eng. show):

1. Soo'

2. punun'tseets (Chemehuevi)

MUCH, LOTS, MANY: awvawn

Lots of it: awvawn'ooud, awvawn'oot

Many: awvawn'utuhnee

MUD: weuv'

Watery mud: pawng'weuv

MULBERRY, Moraceae: moakov'

MULE mooduts' (Eng. mule)

Mules: mooduts'engw

MUSCLE, STRONG: suh’uh-'

MUSH, SOUP: sa'awp' (lit. boiled)

MUSKRAT: pawdung'wunt

MUSTARD WEED: oaw'suent

MUSTACHE (see whiskers)

MYSELF, JUST ME: nuh'sump



NAKED (see barren)

NAME: neud

To have a name, named: nineu'hunt

Your name: neum'

What is your name?: unineu'hunt uhm?

My name is: nuhnineun

NARROWS (where a river narrows down): nawchook'weech

NASAL FLUID: moopeek'ee, moopeek'

NASTY (seley): nawai'suhunt


1. Pu-hawne Weets (lit. Cane Knife People)

2. Wee' Kwuseets (lit. Knife Tail people) Kaibab


1. Sekaw'vee

2. Sekoo'soodung

NEAR (not quite there): eyu'tuhs, eyun'uhs

NEARLY (see almost)

NECK: koduv'

Hugging around the neck: koodai'um aiun'ookwai


NEED (see like)

NEEDLE: chawhaw'nump (lit, sewing thing)


1. Too' Mawduh'kawts (lit. Black American)

2. Ni'kuhts, Ni'keets, Negeets (Eng. Negro)

3. Too' Negeets (lit. Black Negro)


1. Brother's son: koo'uv

Your nephew: koots'eem

2. Sister's son: suhnunts'

My nephew: suhnunts'un (suhnunts may also refer to a maternal uncle, or parallel cousin)


1. Mawsuhng'ekee

2. Nawguh'tsai (Moapa)

NEST, HAVEN, PREPARED PLACE: Sonee'ung. (This word refers more to the inner part of a nest; a soft, comfortable, warm haven where one is safe from harm. It is also a place prepared by someone for those who depart this life. The Pleiades has this name, for it is there that Coyote's wife and daughters fled to safety from him.)

1. Sonee' vuhdookwai (lit, to prepare a place for someone so that it will be ready when he arrives)

2. Nest: nouv'u teung (a bird's nest)

NEVER MIND (see let it be)

NEW MOON: aw' muhyu'tohots', aw' moounts

NEW: aw'uhkawd, aw'-

New house: aw'kawnee


Next day: penu'tawv

Next summer: penu'tawtch

Next winter: penu'tom

A little while later: penunk'wunee

Following him: oongwu'venungkw


1. Pa'awts'

2. Nuhmpee'uts

NIGHT, DARK: tookwun'

It's getting dark: tookwu'deuk

NIGHTHAWK, COMMON, Chordeiles minor: peum'oanoaupuhts

NIGHTHAWK, LESSER, Chordeiles acutipennis: pee'yoots

NINE: soowaw' toaho mawsuhng'wee

NIT: cheeu'peech (the eggs of a louse or a small louse itself. This word is diminutive of tseuv', the word for lice)

NO: kawtch, kaw-

NOBODY, NO ONE: kaw nengwoo'ait

NOISE (see sound)

NOISY, CLAMOROUS: padaw'dai (this word means making a great deal of noise and can be used when refering to a baby or even a car)


There isn't any: kawchuk'

I have none: kawchun', kawchoo'un

NOON: toyhoy'tavai (lit. middle-day)


North wind blowing: kweum'ai, kweu'munt


1. Mooveep'ee

Your nose:mooveem'

2. Muhnchuhv', moonchoov'

NOT, NEGATIVE: kaw-, kawchoo-

I'm not mad: kawchoo nungai'aingwu

No arm: kaw puhdait


I wasn't paying attention kawmus'un ainee wainee

NOTCHED: weuhd'ukunt


Nothing to it: nawvus'tuhmp

NOW: ai'oov, aw'oov'

NUMB (when a portion of your body goes to sleep): tawsuhng'ee

Seeping hand: mawsuhng'ee

Sleeping leg: tawsuhn 'eng

NUMB, PARALYZED (lack of feeling and ability to move): toongkoont'towng

NURSING: pechuhng', pechuh'vung


OBEY (see believe)


OBSTINATE (see stubborn)

OCHRE (see iron oxide)

ODOR, SMELL: kwunu'meent

OFF (to come off, such as a ring from a finger): to-awk'

Take it off: toopuk'

OLD, ANCIENT (inanimate): ee'tuhmpuhts, wee'tuhmp

OLD MAN: naw'poo, naw'poots


1. Mows'uhoych, maw'puhts

2. Punaints (Koosharem uses the above, plus punaints')

ON, UPON: awvawn'

On that one: mud'awvawn

On top of a person: nengwoo'vawn

ONE EYED, TO WINK: onchok'


ONE PLACE: soo'kopaws

ONE: soo'ee, soo’kos, soo'yus

ONION: sevoy'u (Spanish ciebolla)


1. Mawduhng', mawduhng'ween

2. Too'wenuk.

Opening it: tawtoo'wenuk

OPEN YOUR MOUTH: kuhpuk'ai

OPENLY, UNFEIGNED, TRUTHFUL (not done in secret): ow'wainee

OREGON GRAPE, Mahonia repens: weump'eev

ORGAN PIPE CACTUS, (or saguaro): haawv' (Chemehuevi)


1. Awveem tawngwuk'enu (lit. semen shooting)

2. Kookwee' (lit, to shoot)

ORION'S BELT (the three stars in the constellation Orion): nawhung' (lit. mountain sheep (plural)


1. Kaw moo'ait (lit, no father)

2. Tuhduh' hawd, tuhduh'heets (lit. barren)


1. Munungk' (visable)

On the other side: munungk'opawk. munung'kwup

Coming back from: munungk'wuhai

2. Munawp (Blanding)

OUCH: uddee', uddow', unow'

OUR (see we)


1. Awvee'nawp

2. Tuh'duvaw (see barren)

Laying outside: tuhd'uvaw awvee

It's blowing outside: nuh'ai'uk tuh'duvawnt


OVER, ACROSS: awvawk'

OVERCOME (see easy to do)

OWE: nahwhawv'

OWL, BURROWING, Speotyto cunicularia: mookoo'hoots

OWL (GREAT HORNED): moo'-oom'puhts




Pack it up: naw'vai tengwuk nawvaing'wuk

PACK RAT: kawts

PAIN, ACHE, PAIN, HURT: pukawng'kee

I'm hurting: pawkai'un

PAINT (earth pigments of different colors found near Overton, Nev.): toodoov'

PAINT (to), DECORATE: mawu- (lit, to rub on)

Paint it: mu'ung'wuk

PAIR: nawvuh'u (from nawvuhn' image)

PAIUTE: Paiyuhts

PALM (of the hand): mawpai'awvoon

PALMER PENSTEMON, Pensterrton palmeri: toho'u sawdu'ganump (lit. rattlesnake rattler)

PAN: punu'ohots (lit, metal bowl)

PANT (see blow)

PANTS (see leggings)

PAPER (Eng. paper): pawpee'duv

PARALYZED (see numb)


1. Toowung'w

She had her baby: toowung'oonung

Having a baby: toowai'unee

2. We'-ee'puhkunt (lit, fell out)

PASS (to):

1. To pass another going in the same direction: aw'paong

Let's pass him: ungu' paom' padum

It passed us: tdum'e paon'tsuk

2. To pass someone who is going the opposite direction: naw'opung

PASS OUT (to pass out from drinking):

1. Awmuh'u kwepuk'u (lit, to fall drunk)

2. Pai yai', pai yai'eku (lit, water die)

3. Pawhoy'puhku (Shivwits)

PASS, DIVIDE, SADDLE (in a mountain):

1. Muhuv', muhuk'

2. Mawdo'enawk (lit, in the opened place)

3. Mawduh'uk (lit, it's open)

PATCH (closing something up or covering a hole): wuhtoo'noo nanawk'u

PATIENT (see good and silent)

PAY (see buy)

PEACE: nawhoo'kwee kawduhk (lit. war stopped)

PEACEFUL (see happy)


1. A conical peak or object: kwevoo'awmawk

2. Kwe'choovunt

PEAS: Wechee' nupuv (lit, bird's eggs)

PEEK, PEEP: sootsee'

Peeking out: sootsee'nee

PEEL (see skin)

PENCIL: po'-oh'nump (lit, writing instrument)

PENIS: wuh'u'pee

Erect penis: wuh'u' nungai'ai (lit. angry penis)

PEPPERMINT: pawkoa'nunump, pawwhaw'nunump

PERSON (see Indian)

PERSONAL SONG: nunu'kaw awv'oouv

My own singing: nawno' kawnun

PET, DOMESTICATED, TAMED: poongkoots', -voongkoots

Pet dog: sawdee' voongkoots

Pet horse: kuvaw' voongkoots

We have a pet bear: nuhm kweyu'kuntuh voongkoo' kwuntuhm

PETROGLYPH, PICTOGRAPH (a written message, in any form, upon a rock): tuhmpee’po'-ohp' (lit, rock writing)


1. Ungawd, (lit, red one)

2. Chupun'ee wetseech' (lit. Japanese bird)


PIERCED EAR: nuhngku'vawm mawcheu'pawk


1. Kwecheen' (Span. cuchina)

2. Pe'keets (Eng. pig)

PILLOW: toachung'eep, toasung'eep

PILLS (see medicine)


1. Tsi'tsuh'meung (Koosharem)

2. Sechoo'meung

He's pinching me: sechoom'ee chungun

I'm going to pinch you: sechoom'evum

PINE (fir and spruce): oahomp'

PINE CONE: kawvoo'uv

PINE GUM: sunup'ee, sunup'

PINE HEN, BLUE GROUSE, Dendragapus obscurus: kaom'puhts

PINE (probably limber pine Pinus flexilisis or bristlecone pine Pinus aristata): pawnaw' oahomp.


1. (large Nevada and Western Utah variety): toovuts' (plural) toov'

2. (small southern Utah and Arizona variety): pawduhv'

PINK, REDDISH: ungkaw'seukawd

PINTO, SPOTTED: sai'kudum

PINYON JAY, Gymnorhinus cyatiocephala: ungunts'

PINYON PINE Pinus edulis and monophylla: toovup'

PIPE: chuhmoo', kwou moochoo'ung

Smoking a pipe: kwou moochoo'kwai

PISTOL: pee'stonu (Eng. pistol)

PITCH, RESIN, PINE GUM: sunup, sunup'ee


PLANT (to), TO FARM: uhu'

Going to plant: uhu'vawts

I'm going to plant: uhu'vawnt

PLANTS (see brush)

PLAY: keu'

Game: keup'

Go play: keu'te kwai

PLEIADES: Sonee'ung (see nest for an explanation of this word)

PLUME: wusee'udook (lit. feather-under)

POINT OF A HILL: mookwun'

Has a point: mookwun'ekunt

Pointed: mookwun'eench

POINTED HILL: weoom'ookweuhunt (from weeoovb awl)


Pointing a finger: ma-hoo'kwenum

POKE, JAB (to poke or prick with something pointed and sharp): sehee'ton, segee'tonaw (from tonu' to hit with a thrust)


1. Stirrer, stirring instrument: chikood'oonump

2. Kwetsee'toa

POLE, POST: uhduv'

POLICEMAN: tawpee'chuts (one who ties)

I'm going to be a policeman: nuh tawpee'chuts ekaivaw

PONDEROSA, Pinus ponderosa: yooveemp'

POOR: ta-haw'puhts

POP, EXPLODE: patawk'

PORCUPINE: yoongoom'puhts, yuhnguh'puhts, yuh'uhm'puhts

PORCUPINE QUILL :yoo'-oo'munuv (lit, porcupine thorn)

Sewing on quills, doing quill work: yoo'-oo' munuveem cha-hai

Sewn with quills, quill work: yoo'-oo' munu'veem cha-haw'kunt

POSITIVELY (see sure)


1. Indian potato, Orogenia lineanfolia: whechuhn'

2. (Eng. potato): tuh'dus


1. Taio'kwunkuk

2. Kweep'oanoy uk

POUR: chawm

To pour in squirts, to shake out: chawchawm'

POW-WOW (see assemble)

POWDER HORN: koochung'wu awp

PRAIRIE DOG: aiah'vuhts

PRAY: tooveech'uh kuhn'u moou' vawchuh'num (lit. asking-I'm-father-towards)

Praying for it umpawhawng kuhuk (lit. talk-gets)


1. Tuh'euts

2. Nuhmu'hawpeev (Shivwits)

PREACHER (see missionary)

PRECEDING (see first)

PREGNANT: nou'kwunt


1. Making believe: nawsuhmp'

2. Pretending: oonee'tee (lit. just doing that)


1. U'up'uchoonee, up'usuhwuhnee

2. Peyuhn'ai

You're looking nice: peyuhn'unchechum

It's cute peyuhn'ud

PRICKLY PEAR, Opuntia engelmannii: yoowuv'


PRIOR (see already)

PROPHET, SEER: pawdoo’koots

PROUD, SHOWING OFF, ADMIRING YOURSELF: naw suh'denkuhee (lit. afraid of yourself)

Proud of you: suhduh'enkuheum

PUBIC AREA: penu'seku


Penis hair: wuh'u' moasoa

Vagina hair wuhkuh' moasoa

PULL, DRAG: peyo-', peyo'hong

Pull it: peyo'hongwuk

PULL OUT (to): ootoop'

Pull it out: ootoop'eenuk

They pulled it out: ootoo'veets' ukwum

PUNISHING, HURTING: pukaw'pee (from pukawng'kee pain)


To push intestinally: moomoo'chooungkuhee

PURPLE, BRUISE: toa-whawd' (the word for bruise is also the word for purple because a Bruise is purple)

PURSUE (see chase)

PUS: pekeep'


Pus eyes: wekeev'oowemees

PUSH: too'kweuk

PUT IT ON, WEAR IT (to put on an article of clothing): tawnuh'kee

Put it on: tawnuhk'euk

Wear it around: tawnuhk'eeneuk

Try it on: nawhaw'kaiuk 

PUT IT TOGETHER: numai'uk wawch

PUT YOUR HANDS UP: mawntsaw'kai


(Singular): wawchuh'

Put it away: wawchoong'wuk

It's put away: wawchuh'kunt

(Plural) yoonuk'

Put them away for me: yoonu kuhuk'un

Let me keep them: yoonu'kai vawkwun

Many put away: yoonu' nawveechekunt

PUT WITH, ADD: puhu-'

Add it: puhud'evuk (lit, put it with it)

Put five cents with it: puhud'evuk five cents ee

With him: -puh ung



QUAIL: awkaw-dumpuhts

(Plural): awkaw'dumpuhts eng

QUAKING ASPEN, Populus tremuloides: suhuv' seuv

QUAKING ASPEN SAP: suhngu'veuv (lit. aspen-sweet)

QUARREL (see argue)

QUARTZITE: kawntuh mp-

QUICK, FAST (see keep on)

QUIET (see silent)

QUILT (see blanket)

QUIVER: oogoon', hookoon' (lit. arrow sack)

QUIVERING BREATH (to take a deep quivering breath like a person does when he cries): yawhaw' soowu'kuheun (lit. I'm cry breathing)



RABBIT BLANKET: kumoo' muhdoo'ee

RABBIT BRUSH, Chaysothamnus nauseosus: skoomp, spoomp

RABBIT BRUSH GUM: skoo' sunuk'oh

RABBIT HEAD GAME: tawsuhng'uhmp instrument used in game tawsuhng'unump

RACE: nontseeku (this word means flying and as in English may refer to racing)

RACCOON: yumus'uts

RAG: pawnuh'seev (Koosharem)

RAGGED, WORN OUT (see wearing out): pekweep'

Ripped up: puhguh'kekwaip

RAGWEED, Ambrosia: pawwhu'munump

RAIN oongwai'

RAINBOW: pawdo'kwawveech, pawdoo'kwawv

RASP (notched stick used as a musical instrument in the Bear Dance): wuhnuhd'uhnump


1. Toho'uv

2. Kweuts (Moapa)

RATTLE: sawdu'gai (this word can also represent a death rattle in the throat of someone who is about to die)

RATTLESNAKE WEED, Euphorbia albomarginata: tooveep'uh kawhaiv (lit, earth's necklace)

RAVEN (see crow)

RAW (see unripe)

RAWHIDE: awtup' 

READING: po'-oh'puhnee (lit, writing-see)


1. Tooveets (see true)

It's very good: tooveets 'aiuk

2. Tuh, tuhnk, teenk (possibly an abbreviated form of tooveets)

It's very good: tuh' aiayuk, tuh' ai

3. Kuhvee'uts (used by the Shivwits in sentences where you might have really hurt someone or really done it)

4. Nukuh' (Moapa)

RED ANT: ungkaw' tawsee'uv

RED BEANS: ungkaw' muhdee'

RED BIRCH, WATER BIRCH, Betula occidentalis: kai'soov, kai'shuhduhts

RED CEDAR, Juniperus virginiana: spawngwup'

RED OSIER DOGWOOD, Comus sericea: ungkaw ' kawnuv (lit, red willow)

RED PENSTEMON: moo'tuntutsee pechuh'meen (lit, the one the hummingbird sucks)

RED RACER: nuntuh'nuv

RED: ungkaw', ungkaw'hawd

Red one: ungkaw' hawdum

RED-TAILED HAWK, Buteo jumaicensis: sunu'kwununts (lit, pitch eagle)

REDO (to do it over): nawvee'nawonenawkum

REED (Phragmites communis): pawhump'

RELATION, RELATIVE, KIN, COUSIN: puhu-(the following term has a closer application than among the Anglos. It implies not only a relative or cousin but in the sense of a dear friend).

My relative: puhun'

Your relative: puhum'

He's related: puhung'

RELUCTANTLY, UNWILLINGLY, NOT WANTING TO: kaw ow'suhntuhee waisump (lit not-like-enough)


Save me some: peaing'kuhn


Can't remember: kawsoomaing'wu

I can't remember: kawchu'kun soomaing'wai


To remove a stain from cloth: totseng'wu

It never came off: kawchuk' totseng'wu

The paint never came off paint: ud kaw totseng'wu

It will come off: to-awk'aivawnt

REPAIR (see fix)

REPEAT (see again)


1. Nai-ah'vai

It looked like him to me: nai-ahv' unchun

It looks like John: John'ee nai-ahv 'awtseek

2. tThuh'ee

RESIN (see pitch)

RESURRECTED: yu'ai' puhduh'suts (lit. to die and wake up)

RETARDED: tuhnuh'kwechuts


I will return: nuh pekon'evun

RETURN TO, GO BACK (to): paiyuh-'

Go home: paiyuh'kwai

I'm returning home: paiay'kwai vawneun, paiay'kwai vawnin, nuh  paiyuh'kwaing

Go home (several): moonis'kwai

Go home (more than two): pawnaw'kwaiuk

Where have you been?: hu'vaichu paiyoong'? (lit, where are you returning from?)

Are you going home?: Uhm paiyuh'kwai vawnt u'?

REVOLVE (see turn around)

RIB: awngwu'tump

RIDGE: awveech' (lit. lying)

RIDING: kawduh'nee

Doing nothing but riding around: nawvus' kawduh' vuhduhkwaw

RIFLE, GUN: toompeoots'


Your right side: podum'ukwut

My right side: podun'ukwut

RINGTAIL CAT, Bassariscus astutus: moosoon' tookoopuhts

RIP, TEAR, SPLIT see cut)

1. Chupu'kainuku (lit, to rip by pulling apart)

Rip it: chupuk'enuk

2. Accidently gives way: puhkuh'kee, pawkawk'

RIPE, COOKED, DONE: kwusuhng'wuhchuk

RISING (see emerge)

ROAD (see trail)


1. Soonung'wuvee toowuv'ukaip (lit. Coyote's son who once was)

2. Soonung'wuvee toowung (lit. coyote's son)

3. Oachuv'ookaip


Roasted: toomung'woochuk

ROBIN: senk'o kwunuv, tsek'wunkwunuv, tse'konung

ROCKCHUCK: yu'um'puhts

ROCK SLIDE (the kind that slides down beneath your feet as you seek to climb it): sawveev'

ROCK, STONE: tuhmp


1. To rock a baby in your arms: mawnuhnts'chuhkee

2. Rock her: chumuh'eung

ROCKY EARTH: tuhmpee' tooveep

ROCKY MOUNTAIN BEEPLANT, Cleome serrulata: soa'kwunuv (lit. armpit odor smeller)

ROGUE, RASCAL (a person who is considered no good): ee'ai'chum, yu'ai'chum

ROLLED UP: uhduhmp, mawdomp'enawk

I'm going to roll a smoke: kwou' mawdoo'paw oompawn

ROLL OVER: moompu'

Rolling over: moompuv'oodoo roll over! moompuk'oa! roll it over noompai'uhuk

ROOT, STUMP (the base of anything): tuhnuv', toonawk'


1. Tuhsuv, tawsuv'

2. Uhdoomp


1. Moeep'

2. Pekeep'

ROUGH: chongkaw'hawd

Rough country: chongkwaw' ooweep

ROUGH ROCK (an unidentified type of rock common at Indian Peak, Utah): chongkwaw' duhmp


1. To swell up and become round and hard as one's stomach does when a person overeats: poaton', poaton'ee

I'm full: poaton'ekain (lit. I'm round)

2. Utawp'odo

RUBBING ALCOHOL: wheechuv', whechu'koduv (Whechuv is the word for yellow jacket. This name might have been applied to rubbing alcohol because of it's sting)

RUG (see mat)

RUINS: Moo'kweech ee kawnee' kaip (lit. Hopi-house-used-to-be)


1. Tohok'wee

2. Tuhduwai (Chemehuevi)


Ran away, escaped: kawkawd'uhpuhku

Ran away (plural): meento'nee

RUNNING, FLOWING (liquid, people or animals): nookwee'

He's running: nookwe'nung

Flowing, river stream: nookweent'

RUSHING WATER: sawngwunts'


1. Oaw'tsawv, ous'seintu

2. Nawsawnts'spengwuchuk (lit. rust coming out)


SACK, BAG: koonuv'

SADDLE: kawduh'nump (lit. sit-thing)

SADDLE HORN: kawduh'nump totsee (lit, sit-thing head)

SAGE HEN, Centrocerus urophasianus: sechu'

SAGEBRUSH (big) Artemisia tridentata: kawhup'

SAGEBRUSH (collectively): sawngwuv'

SAGUARO or ORGAN PIPE CACTUS, Cereus: ha'awv' (Chemehuevi)

SALIVA: kuhtseep'

To spit out: kuhtsee'oonai


1. Ouv'

2. Awsoap'

SALTGRASS, Distichlis spicata: awsoamp'

SAME (see alike)

SAME ONE: uhdu'tuhs

SAME PLACE: oovus'


1. To copy or to do the same thing again: ow'pus, oop'us, up'suhnee

Just like John: John ung up'suhnee

Don't do like I do: nuh oop'sunee oonee'vungwu

2. To do the same old thing or do it the same way: oonee'soonee


1. Fine sand: awtuv'

2. Coarse sand: sewump'

3. Too'goo' (Koosharem)


1. Too'goo yooweech (Koosharem)

2. Sewu' toonoo'keed

SANDSTONE: ungkaw' tuhmp 

SAP (soft runny sap from any tree): pavoats'


To say: ai, mai

Saying: ainch

Did he say that?: maik'udung?

Says it every time, always says it: aing'oomee

Saying it all along: ai'meu

Say some more: aiuh'suh

That's what I say: mai'nookwaik

Say it: ai’tee

He says anything: pawnee ai'tee oong

Said: aik

Said that: ai'puhkunt

As those two said: aik'ooum

That which you said: aik'ainumee

I said: ain, ai'kunt nuh

Those two said: ai'puhkaim

They said: hai'mee

Spoke out: aing'puhku

When you say it: maing'oots

You're saying it: maik'waik

After it was said: maing'uhmuhuts

Did he say that?: Maing woonts'udung?

To say something to someone: mai' ungwee

I'm going to say something to you: aing'kuhpum

Isn't it so?: aing'oa? (used like the English phrase ain't it)

Tell him that: ai'vung kwai

What do you want (say)?: empuh'u aik?

Many speaking (lit, many making noise): wai'kawdum, wai'ekai

SCALP: totsee'um wetoyn'uvu

SCARLET BUGLER PENSTEMON, Eatonii: moo'tuntutsee pechuh'meen (lit, what the Humming bird sucks)

SCATTER (see spread)

SCATTER: chuhkuh'ekaivu


Going individual directions: nawnee'nee nungkwetuhk

They travel their individual ways: poodoo'kwawchum nawnee'nunkwetuhk

SCAUP, LESSER Aythya affinis: too' koochoomputs (lit. black koochoomputs)

SCOLD (see angry)


1. Kwawsee' kwepump (lit, hits with the tail)

2. Podo'tsekunt (lit, has a cane)

SCOULER WILLOW Salix scouleriana: kwechum'paw kawnuv (lit, ugly willow)

SCRAPER (made from the foreleg of a deer for scraping hides and aspens for juice): muntseev'

SCRAPING A HIDE: took'oonai


To scratch an itch: chow'nai, tsaw'nai

SCREECH OWL: waw'nawkweech

SCROTUM: chukaiv'oweem koonuv' (lit, testicle sack)

SEA GULL: noovu'dos

SEAMSTRESS: cha-haw 'vuhts

SEARCH (to): puhsaw'haik

SEE (see look)

SEED BEATER: whuhstu'senump

SEEDS: puhee'uk, poowe'uk

SEEMS LIKE IT: ow'wainee, ow'waiuhnee

SEEPING OUT: whawvook'wu, kwawpook'

SEER (see prophet)

SEGO LILY, MARIPOSA LILY Calochortus nuttallii, C. nuttallii: seko', segoo'

SEIZE, GRAB, CATCH: chu'ai' uk (from chu'ai' to hold)

SELFISH: mooud'

SELL: nando'u tuhdu'vee, nandong'wai tuhdu'vee

SEMEN: awveem'

SENSING (see intuition)

SEPARATELY, DIFFERENTLY, INDIVIDUALLY (see alone): na'aw', nawnee'

individual directions: nawnee'nunkwetuhk

Individually, one apiece: nawnee'sooyus

SEPTEMBER: yoovun'umuts, yoovun muhunts (lit, fall moon)

SERVICEBERRY BUSH, Amelanchier: tuhuv' (the berry is called tuhngwump, toowoomp)

SET (see put)

SET THE TABLE: tuhkaw' sumai (lit. eat-spread out)

SEVEN: navaik'uvawt (lit, over six)

SEW: cha-haw'

One who sews, seamstress: cha-haw'duhm


1. Yoho'-

Let me have intercourse with you: yoho'vum

2. (This word for shoot can refer to inseminating): kookwee

Let me shoot you: kookwee'vawkwun

SHADE: awvuv'

Shade house: awvaw' kawnee

SHADY CANYON: awvaw'uweep

SHADOW: awvaw'um (lit. your shade)

SHADSCALE Atriplex confertifolia: kawnguhmp'

SHAKE. To shake out an object with the hands:

1. Mamawn'e chuh'keuk

2. Kwetoan, whecho

Shake it: wheton'euk


1. Suhnuh'gai

2. Tasuhn'ukee, tasuhn'uhgweek

SHALL, WILL: -vawnee, -pawnee

I shall go home: nuh paiay kwai vawnee, nuh paiay kwaim pawnee

Will you marry me?: nuh'nee udu pingwud' oo vawnee?


To hang the head down: muhyai

SHAMPOO (see soap)

SHARP, EDGE:koong-wu

To be sharp: koong-wu'uhunt (lit. to have an edge)

Sharpen it: koong-wu'deuk (lit. edges it)

SHARPSHOOTER: wenunts, wenu'hunt

SHE (see him)


SHEEP (Eng. sheep): see'peets


SHIELD: awtup'

SHINE (see light)

SHINNY STICK: kwepu'nump

SHIRT: tow-uhts' 

SHIVERING (see shaking)

SHIVWITS: See'veets, Sivints

SHOE: puawtch', pawtch, -vawchuts'


1. Shoot a weapon or male orgasm: kookwee'

2. Tawngwuk'enu

SHORE OF A LAKE, WATER'S EDGE: pawgoo'u, pawkoong'wu

SHORT: tawvay'

Short one: tawvay'puhts

Short one standing: tawvay'puhtsuh wuhnee

SHOSHONI (Wyoming): Soa'hots

SHOULD (see could)


Your shoulder: chouv'uhm

SHOUT: wa'ung'eng

SHOVEL (Eng. shovel): soa'vuhd

SHOWING OFF (see proud)

SHUT, CLOSED: toongwu-'

Close it: toongwuk'

Closed, shut, in jail: toongwu'kunt

Did you shut it?: toongwung' wuh'chuduk u?


SICK: na-hu'mee

I'm sick: na-hum 'eun

SIDE (see half and wall)


Put it sideways: wa-hee'chook wuk uneng'oa

SIDE WINDER: tawnu'keets, tawnu'kuhts

SILENT, QUIET (from ai'ee good):

Be silent: ai'nekai

SILLY: moa-hup'

She's silly: moa-hup'uhkunt ung

SINEW, THREAD: tawmoov'

SING: kaw, ka-haw'

You’re singing: kaw'num uhd

SIR, MISTER: oongwus'


1. Elder sister: pawtseets'

2. Younger sister: numeents'

Your younger sister: numeem

SISTERS: nawvuts'eng

SISTER-IN-LAW: nain' pengwun (lit. younger sister wife)

SIT, DWELL, STAY (singular): kawduh'

Sitting: kawduhd, kawdee

Just sit right there: mu'vusump oonee' kawd

Will stay: kawduh'vawnt

Sit still: aw'kawduh

Sit up straight: tuhnk'kawduh

For more than one to sit or stay: yookwee', yoogwee' (plural)

Set them down: yookwee'uk

SITTING CROSS LEGGED: tungu'choy kawduhd



APART: tawhaw'saw kawdee

SIX: navai'

SKIN, BARK, PEEL: awsee'-

Bark: awsee'uk

Your skin: awsee'um

Peel it off: awsee'guk



1. Skinny to the extreme that your bones show: oy'yu'ai (lit.  boney-dying)

He or she's boney: oy'yu'aip oong

2. (Not as extreme as: oy'yu'ai) tsaw', chaw

Skinny one: cheu'kwawdum

SKIRT, APRON: pekwun', pekwun'ee


1. O'-oh' totsee'kaip (lit, bonehead-used to be)

2. Totsee' o'-ohy (lit, head bone)

SKUNK: poanee'

SKY: toohoom'paiahv (lit. above- slope)

SLANT EYES: weoo' vooeets (lit, awl eyes)


1. Moa'hoyp-

2. Mawvee-chuhkeengk


(Singular): awpuh'ee

I'm going to sleep: awpuh'ee whaivawn'eun

John is sleeping: John awpuh'eed

(Plural): hoa'koy'

SLIP (to slip and fall): petuv'

SLIP OF THE TONGUE (saying something you don't really mean):

1. Suhvuh' maiku

2. Tookhoomp'ai

SLIPPERY (see smooth)

SLIT (see cut)

SLOPE (see wall): sevu'vai (Kaibab, not used by Shivwits)

You guys smooth the slope: paoo' sevu'vai tevawkum

SLOW: suneev'

SMALL (see little)


1. Moohoo'uhunt. (lit. sense-has from the word for heart)

2. Smart, intelligent, wise: toosoo'ai

He's smart: toosoo'aiudum

Maybe he doesn't know anything: soov toosoo'ait oong

He's not smart: kawchoo' ung toosoo'aingwai

SMASH, CRUSH, CLAP, SLAP (to press the hands together to crush or applaud): Mawvee'chuhkeengk

SMEAR (to spread something like butter): muawk

Smeared: muaw 'kunt

SMELL (to), SNIFF: ookwee'

Smell it: ookwee'uk

It smells like sagebrush: sawngwuv' oo'kwunuk

SMILING: kuhsuh'eku

SMOKE to smoke a cigarette: kwou' tuhkai (lit, tobacco-eats)

Do you smoke?: emee'chudu kwou' tuhkai u?

SMOKE FROM A FIRE: kwe'-eep'


SMOOTH, SLIPPERY: pa'awng'kai, paung'kuhee

It's slippery: pa'awngk'kaiuk

SNAKE (the word for any snake at Moapa): wauhts'

SNAKEWEED (small) Gutierrezia microcephala: kuh'kwunump (Kaibab)

SNEEZE: ungwee'see

Sneezes: ungwee'sengoomee

SNORE: oso'doway


1. Noovuv' 

2. First snow of the year: oo'noovuv (lit, nothing snow)

SNOWBERRY Symphoricarpos: awvaw'koonump (lit, thing that goes over)

SNOWSHOE RABBIT: tosaw' kawm (lit, white jackrabbit)

SOAP, SHAMPOO: oos. (this name comes from the soap found in the roots of the Yucca baccata)

SOBERING UP: ahmuh'u puhduh'suts (lit, waking up from being drunk)

He's sobering up: ahmuh'u puhduh'sutsung

SODA POP: spuh'eveep (lit, cold drink)


SOFT, TENDER, KIND, GENTILE (refers to meat, cloth, skin, etc.):

1. Paiyook', paiyoo'kwai

Always gets soft: paiyuh'dung omeent

Gets soft: paiyuh'dung ont, paiyuh'du'ung

2. Yoomeekai (this word for weak can also mean soft in certain instances)


1. Soy'yuhk

2. -Oasont, usunt

Softening an elk hide: paw duh'ee oasont

SOLDIER (Eng. soldier): soeets

SOLID (see stout)


1. Emun'tuh

It's snowing in the mountains: noovu'waiuk kaiv'emunt

2. Ma'awk'


1. Soo'vawnt

2. Ma'aw'tuhk, ma'awn'

SOMETHING: soo'kopeet

SOMETIMES (see anytime)

SON (young adolescent years): toowuts

Your son: toowu'um

Big son: peah'toowai

His or her son: toowung'

SON-IN-LAW: moonuts

Your son-in-law: monuts'eem

My son-in-law: moonuts'een

SORE (see pain)

SORE, WOUND: peku', peku'du

Pus, infected: peku'du awkaw

SORREL: tseentuh'kawdum


1. I didn't mean to do it: nawvus oonee' kuhdaik

2. I didn't mean to do it: soo'moane wuhnchun

I didn't mean to say it: soo'moaneuk wainun, soo'moa maing wuhnchun

3. I'm sorry: uhtuh'aiunee

SORT OUT: chuhu'vawcheuk

SOUL (see heart)

SOUND, NOISE: toongwuv'ugai

SOUP (see mush)

SOUR: suhuhngk'ai

To taste sour: suhuhng'kawmai

It's sour: suhhung'kaiuk

SOUTH WIND: petun'um

SPANK (see hit)

SPARROW HAWK, AMERICAN KESTREL Falco sparverius: kuhdee' nungkuts (lit, cut neck)

SPARROWS (collectively): o'euts 

SPEAR: sekees', chegees'

SPEARHEAD (this word applies to a stone spear point as well as a stone knife): teep

SPECIAL: ow'tsees

SPECIES, KIND (noun): -muh'nee the kind that flies yuhsuhd'uh muhnee

This kind: echu'tuhnee.

Turned out to be your kind: eem edooud'uhmuhnee

Like unto him: ungud'u umuhnee

SPIDERS (collectively): kookwump'

SPILL: oaw'koo-

spills it: oaw'koomeent

SPIN (see turn around)

SPIRIT (see heart)

SPIRIT HELPER, FAMILIAR: toohoo-his guardian spirit too'hoo ung

SPLIT NOSE: mooveets'ekee'

SPOON: mentsee'ohots, mencho'ohots

Horn spoon: awp' mencho' ohots

SPOTTED: too'enee nawvee'cheku (lit. black spots)

SPOTTED: podo'se-eku (lit, having spots like an Appaloosa)

SPREAD OUT (to spread something out flat): sumu'

Spread out: sumu'kunt

What is spread out (blanket, tablecloth, etc.): sumup

Saddle blanket: kuvaw sumup (lit. horse blanket)

SPREAD, SCATTER, STRETCH: chupuhd', tsupuhts' (to spread something out beyond its Normal limits hence the extensions of scatter and stretch).

It's scattered: chupood'ooekainuk

I'm scattering it: chupood'ooenawkun

Scattered: chupood'ukweenkuk

2. Mumum'ookwawk

SPRING (season):

1. Tawmun

It's getting spring: tawmu'deuk

2. It's getting green: sawngwud'eook

SPRING (water): pah suhpee'tseech (lit. water coming out)

SPRUCE Picea engelmannii and pungens munu: oahomp (lit, sticker pine)

SQUAW BUSH BERRIES: ee'see, e'-ees'

SQUAWBUSH Rhus trilobata: suhv, suh'uhv'

SQUEAK: pinchoa'choy


SQUEEZE IT, SMASH IT: mawnchoo'kwenuk


SQUIRREL, FLYING Glaucomys sabrinus: oahon tawvawts (lit, pine squirrel)

SQUIRREL, GRAY Sciurus griseus: ung'kawchawn

SQUIRREL, RED Tamiasciurus hudsonicus: ungkaw sekoots' (lit. red squirrel)

SQUIRREL, ROCK Spermophilus variegatus: sekoots'

SQUIRREL, WHITE-TAILED: ohon' tawvawts (lit, pine squirrel)

SQUIRT: kwawpook'

STAB (see hit)

STACK UP: maw-huhn'ai (lit, to put weight upon)

STALLION, STUD: naw'uhkuhts

STAND: to stop or stand while walking (singular) wuhnuh'

I'm standing: wuhnai'un

Stand right there: mu'vusump ooneng'wuhn

To stand up from a sitting position: wuh'wuh'nuh

To tell someone to stand up from a sitting position: wunuhng'oa

To stand up for a cause: wuhnuhnk'ai

(Plural): wungwee'

For many to stand up from a sitting position: wungwee'weuk

Standing in a row: nunup'aioo wungwee

Many were standing: wungwee'puhku

STARS: pootseev'

START UP: toongwu'vawghai (the word for sound and noise also refers to any engine or Device that makes a noise when it starts up).

It won’t start: kaw toongwu'vawghai (lit, it won’t sound)

STAY (see sit)

STEAL (to): yuh'uhngk'ee

Stolen: yuhngk'ukunt

STEAM (see vapor)

STEEL (see iron)

STEEP: paiyaw'hunt (lit. wall-has)

STEP: tawngwun'chuhvaw, tuhdung'wachoovu

Missed a step: tawseech'oogweenk

STEPBROTHER (older): tuhdung'wuchuh pawveets'een (can add sister, mom, dad, etc.)

STERILE: awveem' tawpo'hunt

STICK (see wood and board)

STICKERS, FUZZ wuhsoov', wuhsee'uv, wawseev' (the very fine stickers on prickly pear fruit or The fuzz [scales] on a moth's wings).



1. Hookwu'kai

2. Chuhkwaw'kawd

3. Tuhntsee'chouk


1. Aw'-

Sit still: aw'hawduh

2. Soo

Be good, sit still, be quiet: soo'ninee

STINGING NETTLE Urtica dioica: kwawsoo kwepump (lit, sting hitter)

STINKBUG: hookoo'vechuts

STINKING FEET: putaw'kawv


1. Pono'ai

2. Kwunai

STIR: skwun

Stir it: sikwun'owuk


1. Tawpup'

2. Tawsuhngk'

3. Taw'kenu (Eng. stocking)

4. Tai-een'keets (Kanosh)

STOMACH: sawwhay 'awm

STONE (see rock)

STOOP (to): poo'kwai

Stooped over: poo'kwunt


1. Tuhdus'u kwaw 

Stop it here: tuhdus' kwou'teuk

Stopped again: tuhdus'kwupuhkais

2. Kawduhk' (lit. sits)

STORE (Eng. store): stoo'u

STORY, LEGEND (see legends)

STORY TELLER (one who relates stories): nawduh'kwaynuts, nawduh'gwenup

STOUT, SOLID: tuhntsee'ku

Stout horse: toongkoo'kwawdum

STRAIGHT: mookoont'

Straight ahead: toahoy'mookoont

STRANGER (see different)

STRIKE (see hit)

STRONG: suh'uh'kunt

STRUTTING: peow nengwoo'ukai (lit. being a big Indian)

STUBBORN, OBSTINATE, DISOBEDIENT (see keep on): nungkaw' vait (lit. ears-no)

STUCK, FASTENED, CLINGING (see held fast): pawchaik'eku, pawtsai'eku, pawchaik

It's stuck: pawchai'ekuk

Clinging on the edge: pawtsu' kawdee

STUD (see stallion)

STUMP (see root)

STUNNED: tapaw'see

I blacked out: tapaw'sechun

SUCK, KISS: pechee', pechuh'ee

Suck it: pechuhng'wuk

SUDS: sudonts'eev, sawduhnts'eev

SUFFOCATED: soowaw tuhmaw'ukunt

SUGAR (see sweet)

SUMMER: tawts, tawtch


SUN DANCE: tawgoo' wuhnee, tawhoo'wuhnee (lit, thirsty standing)

SUNRISE: tahvai' mungwee'see

SUN, DAY: tavaw-puhts, tawv

SUNDAY, SUNDAY SCHOOL (Eng. Sunday): Sawn'tay

SUNFLOWER Helianthus annuus: huhkuhmp', kawngoomp

SUNSET: tahvai'yowk (lit, sun disappearing)

SUPERIOR (see brave)

SUPERNATURAL POWER (to have): poowu'hunt


SURELY (see yea because)

SUSPICIOUS (see doubting)

SWAINSON'S HAWK Buteo swainsoni:

1. Kwununt'seets (lit, little eagle)

2. Undo'kwununts (lit, brown eagle)

SWALLOW (to), DRINK: yuh'uhk'ee

Swallow it: yuh'uhk'keuk

Drink from me: yuh'uhk'e vawts nuh'vuchuh

SWALLOW (unidentified bird of the swallow family): paw'su dokupeets

SWALLOW, BARN Hirundo rustica: paw'su toakoytch

SWAMPY: nawsoo'uduh tooweep (lit. sinking ground)

SWEAR: sengkwu'see

SWEAT: tawkai'yai

I'm sweating: tawkai'aiun

SWEEP IT: whechoon'uk


SWEETCLOVER Melilotus officinalis: peu' whawnunump

SWIM: nawvuk'uh nawvuck' (from nawvuk' wash)


1. Aiyoy

2. Puhduh'duh

SWOLLEN: pawngwuk, pamawk'wechuk (see round)

SWORD (spear): chegees'


1. Oko'pee

2. Mookoo'pe yu'ai (Shivwits and Moapa)


TAIL: kwusee'

TAKE (see get)

TAKE IT BACK: yah'kwaingwuk (compare bring)


Take it off: tookween'awk

Taking it off: chukwee'nai

TAKE, GET, ACQUIRE, BRING: kuh'uh', kuh'uk, kuh'uhk', kwuh'uhk'

Take it: kuh'uh'uk


Speak up, say something: nunum'pawhaw

To hear talking: umpaw toongwu'vawghai


Tall one: pu'awn'tuh muhnee

Singing loud: pu'awn'e kai

Long: pu'awn'tuhnee, pu'awn'tuhd

TALLEST: pa' aw'tuhmus, pa'awn'tuhm

TAMARISK, SALT CEDAR Tamarix pentandra: spawngwup

TAME (see pet)

TAN: sunu'- (from the word for pine gum sunup, and its color after it has been chewed as Chewing gum)

TANGLED: na'aw'hawvuk

TANSY MUSTARD Descurainia: awk

TANTRUM (kicking while lying down, like a baby does while crying): taiun'oogwee

TARANTULAS: kawngeng'chohots

TASTE: kawmud'

Taste it: kawmuk'engwuk


1. Sawkhwaw' nawvoa'up (lit, blue image)

2. Sawkhwaw' pooee'wu

3. Nawvoa'ai (lit. image)

4. Too'munenum (lit, what you made black)

TEAL (green-winged) Anas carolinensis: oampee' koonu'vuhts (lit. ochre sack?)

TEAR (see rip)

TEARS: ya-hawp' pooee' nookwee. (lit. cry-eyes-running), ya-haw'pooeem

TEASING, FOOLING (see bothering):

1. Sechung'wai

2. Nawvus'

I'm just saying it (just joking): nawvus' unaik


1. Pe'-eets'

2. Pechoop'ee

TIPI: kawneev', pawde'u kawneev (lit. elk skin house)

TIN POLES: uhduv'

TELL (to): tuhn'neu

Told it: tuhneu'puhkunt, tuhneu'puhkaikw 

I'm telling you: tuhneunk'eoom (plural) tuhntuhn'eu

TEN: toahoa' mawsuhng'wee

TENDER (see soft)

TENDERLOIN (the meat on each side of the backbone): oontook'oov, oontook'

Your tenderloin: oontook'oom

TESTICLES: chukaiv'oweem, chukweets

THANK YOU (see good)

1. Toahoy'uk (lit. good)

2. ai'ee uk (lit, it's good)

THAT'S ALL: oo'nesump


1. (Inanimate visible): mud, mud'u like that one mud'u'tunee

2. (Inanimate invisible): uhd'u, uhd, -u'du, -ud

That which I said: uhd'u ai'kainun it was like that uhduhru'kunt

3. -uk

What are you going to do with it?: hun'euk?

Give it to him: ungud'owuk

Here it is: eyun'uk


1. Inner thighs: puhngku'voo

2. To' -oh'vum

THEM, THEY, THOSE: mum, mauhm, -uhm

THEN: -eepuhn


1. (Visible): mu'vu, mu'vai

2. (Invisible): oo'vai


1. Oo'vaiuk

It happened then: oo'vaiuk uneets

Real soon, immediatley: oovai'ukos

2. Ai'tawng

THICK, BROAD (see broad chested)


1. (Pertaining to paper, string, etc.): tawkai' nawpeets, tawkee' nawpuhts'unee

2. (Referring to string only): tseu'putsuhnee

THIN-LEAFED ALDER Alnus tenuifolia: pawwhay'uv

THING, INSTRUMENT: -nump (instrument or material with which or by which something is made or done) axe tawvee'nump

THINGS, CLOTHES (see brush):

1. Mu' uv'

My things: ma'awv'uhn

His things: ma'awv' oong ud

Your things: mu'uv'oom

2. Mud'oowuv


1. Ai’kainee

I think it's that way: uhduk'hunee

I wasn't thinking about anything: kawmus'un ai'newainee

I was thinking it could be done: nuh'udu maim'pai unee'uk

2. Soomai'

I'm not thinking about anything: kawchoon' soomain'ewainee

Sitting thinking: soompaw'hawduhd

What I'm thinking: nuhn'ee soomai'kain

THIRSTY: tawkuh'ee, tawgoo'

THIS: eench

I said this one: echuh'unaik

This was the water: pai'eench udu'puhku

THIS HIGH, THIS LONG, THIS SIZE: evay, evay'tuhmuhnee

THIS ONE AND THAT ONE (from a song): ee'vee ai'vee

THIS PERSON (present, visible): eeng

THIS SIDE: enunk, enunk'opawk, enunk'wup

THISTLE: paw’tsengupeev

THORN: munuv'

THREAD (see sinew)

THREE: pu'ai, paik, pu'ai'oonee, pai

Three of them: pai'umuhnee

THRESH (to thresh out by stomping): hoakoy', mawhoy'choy, hoakotch', uhoynawk'u. This word is extended to mean shake out and wring in the sense that what is unwanted is done away with.


1. Pawkoym'

2. Pawngween' (Kaibab)


1. Yogwuv'

2. Kuhchuv'

THROUGH: pass through there (telling another where to pass through, visible): mawpaw, mawpoo'.

Pass through over there, that way, through there: oo'paw (invisible)

I'm coming through there: oo'paw ompawn

Pass through here: ee'paw

Come through here, this way: yoo'pu, yuh'pu

THROW (to): tuhduv'ee

Throw it: tuhduv'euk

To throw something over yourself: nawvaw'kai tuhduv'

THROW DOWN OR AWAY (to) (singular): wuhnai'

Throw it down: wuhnai'uk

Throw them away (plural): chungwee'nuk, tsungwee'nuk

Go throw it away: chungwee'no-whaiuk.

THUMB: mawtoa'hom

THUNDER BIRD (a modern term since Paiutes didn't have a thunderbird deity): oonoo'noo wetseech

THUNDER: onoon'ooweench


1. Mutuv', mutaw'kitch

2. Touv (lit, rabbit tick) Shivwits


1. To tie up: tawpeech'

2. To wrap or tie a band or ribbon around something to hold it together: wheechai'uh

What is wrapped around, band, cinch: whechup'

Belt: naw' whechup (lit. self-wrap)

TIGHTENED: huhkuhm 'ukunt

It's tight: wukuhm'ungkuk

TIRE, (Eng. tire): tai'u


I'm tired: kawchoo'unchun

I'm getting tired: kawchoong'wuhnchun

TOBACCO Nicotiana trigonophylla:

1. Sakhwaw' kwoup (lit, green smoke)

2. Tawmo'nump

TOE: tawsuh'u

Your toes: tawsoom'


1. (Referring to two others): nungwai', nungwais'

both of them: nungwaw'kos, nuwai’koos

2. (Referring to yourself and another): mumais

TOILET: kwechuh' kawn (lit, excrement house)

TOMAHAWK: nengwoo' kwepu'nump (lit. Indian axe)

TOMATILLO, WOLFBERRY Lycium: suhnuh' oop (lit, coyote berry)


1. Tu'aik'

2. Ee'chuhk

TONIGHT: aw'tookwun

TOO (see also)

TOOTH: tawngwump

Your teeth: tawngwum'

TOOTHPICK: tawngwu' scood'oonump